Examination malpractice is an illegal behaviour by a candidate before, during or after the examination so that he/she can attain success easily and cheaply. Hence, the worth of the examination is violated. Examination malpractice is a cankerworm that portends grave dangers for the nation.
The major causes of examination malpractices are:
i. Laziness of students: Seriousness is thrown to the wind by many students. Most of them have little time for their studies.
They spend their time attending parties and forming gangs who engage in untoward behaviour.
ii. Second is large population of students in many schools.
The few who do very well may be promoted or admitted into higher institutions. Students cheat therefore to excel over their mates.
iii. Many students are desperate;
thinking that passing the examination is a do or die affair; They want to excel by all means.
Some want promises from parents fulfilled Others want to be on TV or Newspaper as the best in one form of examination or the other (though cheats hardly excel).
iv. Syllabus in many subjects such as Physics, Chemistry etc. is wide and difficult for teachers to cover. The school period is shortened by holidays, shift system and late resumption by students.
v. Another cause of examination malpractice is inadequate preparation for exams. In a number of schools the teachers are few and specialized ones are fewer so students are not adequately prepared for the examinations.
vi. Corrupt invigilators and supervisors: the students know that if they offers bribe to the invigilators. they will be allowed to cheat in the examination hall.