Ex Post Facto Laws

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  • Topic: Law, Ex post facto law, Common law
  • Pages : 15 (4975 words )
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  • Published : May 2, 2013
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CHANAKYA NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY

ANALYSIS OF
EX POST FACTO LAW
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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW- I

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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The present project on the topic ‘Analysis of Ex post fact laws’ has been able to get its final shape with the support and help of people from various quarters. My sincere thanks go to all the members without whom the study could not have come to its present state. I am proud to acknowledge gratitude to the individuals during my study and without whom the study may not be completed. I have taken this opportunity to thank those who genuinely helped me. With immense pleasure, I express my deepest sense of gratitude to Dr K.K Dwivedi, Faculty of Constitutional Law- I, Chanakya National Law University for helping me in my project. I am also thankful to the whole Chanakya National Law University family that provided me all the material that I required for the project. I have made every effort to acknowledge credits, but I apologize in advance for any omission that may have inadvertently taken place. Last but not least I would like to thank Almighty whose blessing helped me to complete the project.

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RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Aims and objectives:
Through this project, I attempt to provide information on the Analysis of Ex post fact laws Scope and Limitations:
Scope of the present project is to define, conceptualize and to analyze the “Analysis of Ex post fact laws”. While preparing this project, the biggest hurdle that I faced was summarizing the available information and choosing points of relevancy. Research method

A purely doctrinal form of research has been adopted. I have collected all my information from the library and various electronic resources. Style of Writing:
This paper has largely descriptive style of writing. Wherever necessary I have analyzed and criticized the various aspects also. Mode of Citation:
A uniform mode of citation is followed throughout the project. Articles in the present paper have been cited in the following manner: Name of the Author, “Name of the article”, Vol. No. (Issue No.-if applicable) Name of the Journal Page no. (starting)  (Year of Publication), Page No. (May Not be applicable for certain articles taken from websites).

Books in the present paper have been cited in this manner:
Name of the author (or Editor), Title of the Book, (Place of Publication: Publishing Co., Edition (if applicable), Year), Vol. No.(if applicable), Page No..

Sources of Data:
Mainly secondary sources of data such as articles, books and electronic resources have been used to answer the various research questions.

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CONTENTS

1. | ACKNOWLEDGEMENT| II|
2. | RESEARCH METHODOLOGY| III|
3. | INTRODUCTION| 1|
4. | UNITED KINGDOM AND EX POST FACTO LAWS| 3|
5. | UNITED STATES AND EX POST FACTO LAWS| 4|
6. | MORAL OBLIGATIONS OF EX POST FACTO LAWS| 6|
7. | SAFEGUARDS AGAINST EX POST FACTO LAWS| 6|
8. | INDIA AND EX POST FACTO LAWS| 7|
9. | JUDICIAL PRECEDENTS| 10|
10. | CONCLUSION| 14|
BIBLIOGRAPHY| 15|

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INTRODUCTION

It is a well settled principle that for the action one is going to get the reaction but nowhere in any document or any scriptures is the action defined. Certain actions of man in one era are considered good and in another bad. Certain actions are considered to be legal at one time and illegal at another. It is this inconsistency in man to decide what is good and bad that has become the reason to have immunity from ex post facto laws. An act that was thought innocent at one time is no longer innocent today but is illegal. These...
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