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Explication De Texte
I. Subject
This play, Macbeth, written by Shakespeare, is set in Scotland in the Middle Ages. Power plays a great role throughout this tale. Macbeth is the tragic hero in the story and is the main character and also has a need for power. Macbeth started out as a general, fighting in the war, but then became thane of Cawdor. That was the start of his downfall. Macbeth plots to kill the king, Duncan, so he can be next in line to fulfill the prophecy. His wife, Lady Macbeth, is the one devises him about the plan. He was unsure at first but he goes against his gut feeling and chooses to murder the king. This is when his lust for power begins. Macbeth is then named king and murders people when he feels or is scared by them. He then hires men to kill Banquo, another warrior, because he is scared of him. Macbeth then chooses to kill Macduff's family because he was afraid of losing his power to them. Meanwhile all the people are becoming terrified of Macbeth because he is murdering anyone in his way, and armies are formed to overthrow him. The armies come into the castle and he then gets into a sword fight with Macduff who beheads him. He then loses the one thing he always worked for, power.

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II. Theme
The overall theme in Macbeth is: fair is foul and foul is fair. This statement, fair is foul and foul is fair, is started by the witches in the first scene of the play. The statement is fairly easy to understand, whatever appears to be foul is fair and if it appears fair it is most likely foul. They were telling Macbeth a prophecy that he would will be Thane of Cawdor, Macbeth will become King, and Banquo's children will be kings. Macbeth chooses to believe the prophecy and was working to fulfill it for the rest of the book. He also looks like the great war hero who becomes a thane and king, but in the end he is just a murderer. The theme is periodically, even including his death. Macbeth chooses to mock the saying by describing the weather by saying this, "So foul and fair a day I have not seen.". He then murders Duncan while he is asleep. Lady Macbeth and Macbeth then have a hard time sleeping. This is because of two things; sleep is only for the good and a clean conscious, also it is following the theme. They lost their sleep because they were foul and it is fair for them to lose the peace of mind. Lady Macbeth comes up with the plan to murder the King. Macbeth is a little unsure of the plan but Lady Macbeth shames him enough that he ends up doing it. Lady Macbeth, who came up with the plan, becomes very guilty and sleepwalks and kills herself. But Macbeth, who was originally very skeptical of the plan, the kills many more people and feels nothing of it. In the end, Macbeth was killed by Macduff. He was very mean and murdered many people. He looked at one point to be a hero but was feared by others at his death. It looked foul when he was murdered but was very fair in the end.

Diction
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Diction can be defined as the manner in which something is expressed in words. Shakespeare uses diction throughout the entire play of Macbeth. He chose his vocabulary and his words very carefully. He had many kinds of sentence styles, dialects and foreign languages. In Macbeth, Shakespeare decided use with a dialogue type of play. In many ways he would use dialogue to help start the scenes. The dialogue kept the flow of the plot moving very well because when the people are just talking to one another it keeps the flow moving. I believe this is because they Shakespeare is then not to focused on the 3rd person point of view or the thoughts of someone. The sentence style in Macbeth varies greatly. Shakespeare changes from long and involved sentences to short simple ones. This all depended on the type of scene and how tragic it was going to be. For example uses iambic pentameter when important or tragic scenes are place. So obviously the sentence style would...
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