Since the 19th century, biologists have questioned the origin of life, asking the question "How did life first begin?" To answer that question, they have come up with two contradicting yet plausible theories, Creation and Evolution. The theory of Creation states that an intelligent being designed each organism. On the other hand, the theory of Evolution states that some form of stimuli sparked one of the earliest forms of life and that every single organism living today evolved from it. Starting with the evidence and the criticism for the theory of Evolution, this paper will provide the main arguments and criticism for both theories and explain why Creation is the true explanation for the origin of the world.
The argument used to support the idea of Evolution that some form of stimuli sparked one of the earliest forms of life is "The Miller-Urey experiment." In this experiment, which was performed in the 1950s, an American graduate student Stanly Miller, and his PhD. Advisor, Harold Urey succeeded in producing some of the chemical building blocks of life by sending an electric spark through a mixture of gases they thought simulated the Earth's primitive atmosphere (Wells 11). They created a strong reducing gas, or gas that lacks oxygen. This is reasonable because people thought that the Earth was made out of interstellar gas (13), which is primarily made out of hydrogen, not oxygen. Anyways, seeing that lightning could produce the basic building blocks of life, evolutionists claimed that this is how life first originated! In addition to the statement above, whether oxygen was prevalent or not prevalent back then is crucial to understanding the result of this experiment because a living cell could not have emerged from a place abundant of oxygen. This is because the same oxygen that is necessary for respiration is often fatal to organic synthesis (Wells 12), which is the process by which the first organism has been created (if it ever was as believed in the evolution theory). Therefore, if oxygen existed at the very place where life emerged, there would have been an explosion instead of a creation! However, because Stanley and Miller created an oxygen-lacking atmosphere their experiment is widely used as evidence for evolution.
Another argument used to support the idea of evolution is that living things evolved from a primordial organism (ooze) from natural selection. This idea, proposed by Charles Darwin, states that only organisms best adapted to their environment tend to survive and pass genetic characteristics to their offspring (Williams 456). It also states that these genetic characteristics affect the organism's fitness (Williams 457). For example, Charles Darwin observed thirteen species of finches in the Galapagos Islands (Wells 159). They were very similar to each other, except that their beaks were different in shape and that they lived in different environments, which exposed them to different types of food . After careful recordings and observations, he concluded that all thirteen finches had a common ancestor and that their beaks were modified (Wells 162), which made them suitable to the environment they were in, over time. For example, the beak of the large ground finch, Geospiza magnirostris, is suited to cracking the seeds that compose the bird's diet (Feldkamp 286). Another type of finch, the woodpecker finch Camarynchus pallidus has a beak that is specialized for capturing insects ( Feldkamp 286). If natural selection takes place for ages, populations will eventually differ. (Williams 457).In conclusion, many people reason that evolution did occur and that it is still occurring through natural selection.
Another widely used piece of evidence for supporting Evolution is that apes and humans have the same ancestry. Inevitably, there are evidences that suggest this idea. For example, Thomas Henry Huxley, the author of "Evidence as to...