3. Main contents
4. Origin of personnel management
5. Evolution of personnel management
6. Definition of personnel management
7. How Human Resource Management emerged in a chronological order
10. References and other resources
By the end of this unit you should be able to:
* Define personnel management
* Identify its origin
* Trace its evolution over time
* Show how Resource Management has emerged in a chronological manner
DEFINITION AND SCOPE
Many concepts and terms in the management sciences have slightly varying definitions depending upon who is defining them. Personnel management, which is our concern here, takes place in differing environments or milieu. For example, we are here concerned with personnel management in the public sector, i.e. in the environment of government organizations. Personnel management also takes place in the private sector, i.e. in organizations not owned by the government, e.g. the Lever Brothers Plc. makers of Omo washing powder, the Zambia Breweries Plc makers of Mosi lager, etc. One of the definitions which I have put together after going through so many texts is this:
Personnel Management is the process of obtaining and maintaining a satisfactory and a satisfied work force
The following definition was proffered by a well respected personnel management theorist by name Edwin B. Filippo, in his popular and widely read book,', Personnel Management,' 'which he has issued now for at least the sixth time. This definition is contained in the sixth Edition issued in 1984. There he defined personnel management thus:
Personnel Management is the planning, organizing, directing, and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration. maintenance, and separation of human resource to the end that individual, organizational and societal objectives are... [continues]
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