Evolution of Management

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 106
  • Published : March 9, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
Evolution of Management Theories
Shafeek.k
Assistant Professor, Dept. of ME
Al- Ameen Engg. College,
Shoranur
Email: shafeekup@gmail.com
www.edutalks.org

Evolution of Management Theories
1.The Classical theory of management
a) Scientific Management
b) Bureaucratic Management
c) Administrative Management

2.Neo-Classical Theory

a) Human Relations
b) Behavioral Science Approach

3.The Modern Management Theories
a) Quantitative Approach
b) System Approach
c) Contingency Approach
d) Operational Approach

www.edutalks.org

Development of Management Thought
• Impact of Industrial Revolution.

www.edutalks.org

F.W.Tayler’s Contribution(1856-1915)
• Father of Scientific Management
Principles of F.W.Tayler’s Management

1)
2)
3)

4)
5)
6)
7)
8)

Scientific task setting based on time, motion and fatigue study. Fitting the “right person for the right job” by proper selection, training and placement of personnel.
Improvement in work by
i . Standardisation of tools and equipment
ii. Improvement in work environment
Employers and employees should not feel that they are exploiting each other(Mental revolution)
Differential piece rate wage system to distinguish between efficient and inefficient workers( Tayler’s Differential Piece Rate Plan) Intelligent investigation and analysis of the different unit of the business. Scientific study of each unit of the business.

Separation of the planning and execution based on specialisation.

www.edutalks.org

Contributions of Gilbreths







Scientific study of management should include both analysis and synthesis Analysis- Breaking down a task into its essential elements
Synthesis – include necessary element for efficient work and eliminate other elements.
He concentrated on Motion Study and suggested the first definition-“motion study as the science of eliminating wastefulness resulting from unnecessary, ill directed and inefficient motions”
He developed Process Chart-Over all picture of all activities in a chart form.

Contributions of Henry L.Gantt





Worked with F.W.Tayler
He Improved Taylor’s differential piece rate system
(Provide extra wages for extra work)
He developed the daily balance chart (Gantt chart)
on the other axis.
Humanistic approach and industrial responsibility.

www.edutalks.org

Task and Bonus Plan
output in one axis and time

SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT
• F.W.Tayler- Father of Scientific Management
• Main contributors- F.W.Tayler, Frank Gilbreths, Gantt
• Impact of Industrial Revolution
Principles of Scientific Management
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Replacement of old rule of thump method
Scientific selection and training
Labor-Management co-operation(mental revolution)
Maximum output
Equal division of responsibility
www.edutalks.org

Techniques of Scientific Management
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Scientific task setting-fair day’s work
Work study-method, time, fatigue and motion study
Planning the task
Standardisation
Scientific selection and training
Differential piece-wage plan
Specialisation
www.edutalks.org

Criticism of Scientific Management
 Functional organization structure (An operator is controlled by eight foremen)– In practice and violates unity of command.  It concentrated on production management and ignores the area of Finance, Marketing, Accounting and Personnel.

 Workers objected Tayler’s Differential piece wage plan because wages of workers are not increased in direct
proportion to the increase in productivity.
 It undermined the human factor in industry. It resulted in monotony of job, loss of initiative, wage reductions, job
insecurity etc.

www.edutalks.org

BUREAUCRATIC MANAGEMENT
• Max Weber(1864-1920)

• Rules and regulations to eliminate managerial inconsistencies

Characteristics
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)

Division of work
Hierarchy of position
Rules and regulations
Impersonal conduct
Staffing
Technical...
tracking img