Evolution of Homosexuality

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Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Open University

Evolution of Homosexuality in the Philippines

A Research Paper

By:
Roberto M. Paraiso
Student no. 2012-10583-MN-0

Introduction
US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton once said: “Gay people are born into and belong to every society in the world. They are all ages, all races, all faiths. They are doctors and teachers, farmers and bankers, soldiers and athletes. And whether we know it, or whether we acknowledge it, they are family, our friends, and our neighbors. Being gay is not a western invention. It is a human reality.”

Homosexuality can be tracked throughout history. In ancient Rome, philosophers, such as Socrates, were having sexual practices with their students. They believed it was a part of becoming a man. The Bible, one of the oldest books in literature, discusses homosexual practices among the citizens of Sodom and Gomorrah. Some of the most influential people throughout history were discovered to be homosexual: Alexander the Great (356-323 B.C.), Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519), Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) and Tennessee Williams (1914-1983). http://main.uab.edu/Sites/students/life/safe-zone/33566/

Homosexuality is worldwide and has a global impact on society. It transcends borders, cultures, and governments. The homosexual society even bears its own international flag, a rainbow which signifies the bond between different people all over the world. The society shows how peace can be achieved throughout the world, an issue that is important to everyone. The global impact that homosexuals have on society is the reason for researching their behavior and discovering the factors that may cause their sexual orientation. In the Philippines, the term “gay” has been used roughly to include homosexuals, bisexuals, transsexuals, transvestite, cross-dressers, and effeminate men. Filipino gays are mostly stereotyped as effeminate, cross-dressers, hairdressers. “Bakla” or “Bading”, a Filipino word for gay, is commonly used; “tomboy” has a similar function, and refers to lesbians, usually of the butch and masculine type. For Filipino gays, the Tagalog phrase "paglaladlad ng kapa" (literally means "unfurling the cape") refers to the coming-out process. Although gays and lesbians are generally tolerated within Philippine society, there are still widespread cases of discrimination. The Filipino gays find the backward economy a cramp to their style. Many of them are unable to leave home and even among those who can usually feel they have to support their extended families. In turn, parents who beat up their gay kids later on reluctantly tolerate the grown-up breadwinner who can pay the bills. It is an irony with two realities, making it hard for observers to really pinpoint if Filipino society really accepts or still rejects having gays in the family.

Significance of the Study
This research will explain the evolution of homosexuality in the Philippines, how the society perceives homosexuals including misconceptions and controversies about homosexuality. Specifically, this research will raise the awareness of the Filipino society with regard to homosexuality by providing sufficient information to help people understand the various aspects of homosexuality.

Evolution of Homosexuality in the Philippines
Pre-Hispanic Period
In J. Neil C. Garcia's oral accounts research, women were well-regarded by the society. They were priestesses and matriarchs who held themselves strongly. They had the power to divorce their husbands if they felt like it, choose their children's names, amass wealth and own properties. The so-called "somewhat-women" also had the distinction of being highly-regarded. They were called bayoguin (bamboo specie), bayok, agingin, asog, bido, and binabae. Part of their transformation was donning female clothes and acting as women. Thus,...
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