Evolution of Communism in Europe

Topics: Marxism, Communism, Socialism Pages: 4 (1018 words) Published: January 19, 2006
Evolution of Communism in Europe
Outline:

Thesis: Communism in Europe faced a lot of mutations with the contribution of big philosophers and leaders like Marx, Lenin, and Gramsci and evolved to become the socialism we know today.

I – Marxism
A – Overview
B – Major Elements
II – Stalinism
A – Overview
B – Contribution of Stalin
III – Eurocommunism
A – Overview
B – Description
C – Major Elements
IV – Socialism
A – Overview
B – Major Elements

V – Future of Socialism

Evolution of Communism in Europe

It's not that easy to agree on when communism initially appeared. For some people the works of Plato (Republic) described the perfect commonwealth; others see in the bible signs of socialism or communism. What is more certain is that communism became a political ideology in the early 19th and reached its apogee in the early 20th century with the contributions and writings of Karl Marx. Since these days communism in Europe faced a lot of mutations with the contribution of big philosophers and leaders like Marx, Lenin, and Gramsci and evolved to become the socialism we know today.

I – A - The Marxist thought, based on the ideas and writings of the German Philosopher Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) were theoretical and political ideas that constituted the main substitute to the liberal rationalism that dominated Europe in the contemporary age. Furthermore, Marxism was the biggest rival of capitalism that was spread in the United State and all western world between 1917 (The End of WW1) and 1991 (The collapse of the Soviet Union). B - The major elements of Marxism are:

Historical Materialism: It's a method which accounts for the development changes in human history according to material development. Dialectical Change: It's a process of interaction between competing forces that results in a higher stage of development. Alienation: It's a state of depersonalization, whereby the labor is abridged to being a simple service. Class Struggle:...
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