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  • Topic: Eva Perón, Argentina, Juan Perón
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  • Published : March 20, 2011
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A Film Review About the Life and Political Actions of Eva Peron

Evita is the 1996 film adaptation of Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical based on the life of Eva Perón. It was directed by Alan Parker and starred Madonna, Antonio Banderas and Jonathan Pryce. It was released on December 25, 1996 by Hollywood Pictures and Cinergi Pictures. Evita traces the life of Eva Duarte (later Eva Duarte de Perón) (Madonna) from a child from the lower class to becoming the first lady and spiritual leader of Argentina. The film begins with the announcement of Eva's death and public funeral as the audience is introduced to the film's narrator, Che (Antonio Banderas), an everyman who tells the story of Eva's rise to power and subsequent illness and death, appearing in many different guises and serving as Eva's conscience and critic. The film flashes back to Eva's childhood, and she is seen as a young girl attempting to attend her father's funeral in the town of Junín with her mother and siblings. But her father's wife and other family (who are middle class) ban Eva's family from entering and carry Eva out screaming and claiming that she's her "papa" after she runs in on her own and pays her last respect. At age 15, Eva decides to leave Junín to seek a better life and hitches a ride to Buenos Aires with a tango singer, Augustin Magaldi (Jimmy Nail), with whom she's having an affair. After Magaldi leaves her, she progresses through several relationships with increasingly influential men, becoming a model, actress and radio personality, until her fateful meeting with Colonel Juan Perón (Jonathan Pryce) at a fundraiser. Perón's connection with Eva lends him a populist air, since she is from the working class (as is Perón himself). Eva has a radio show during Perón's rise and uses all her skills to promote Perón, even when the controlling administration has him jailed in an attempt to stunt his political momentum. The groundswell of support Eva generates forces the government to release Perón, and he finds the people enamored of him and Eva. Perón wins election to the presidency and Eva promises the new government will serve the "descamisados" (literally, "those without shirts"—i.e., the working poor). Eva establishes a foundation and distributes aid while the Perónists otherwise plunder the public treasury. Argentine society is very class-based, and the military officer corps and social elites despise Eva's common roots and affinity for the poor. During a world tour Evita becomes ill and is rushed home. Towards the end of her life she understands that she is terminally ill but rationalizes that her life was short because she shone like the "brightest fire" and helps Perón prepare to go on without her. A large crowd surrounds the Casa Rosada in a candlelight vigil praying for her recovery when the light of her room goes out, signifying her death. Eva's funeral is shown again. Che is seen at her coffin, and he kisses it. Individual Psychology presents an optimistic view of people while resting heavily on the notion of social interest, a feeling of oneness with all humankind. In this assumption, the movie presents Eva Peron delivering dramatic addresses to mass meetings and over the radio waves, bringing up her working class credentials, indentifying herself as one of them – the descamisados, and calling on the working class to back her and Peron. Adler saw people a being motivated mostly by social influences and by their striving for superiority and success. Adler believed that people are largely responsible for who they are. In death, she was transformed into a Virgin Mary style icon, a Saint of the poor, easily managed by a predominantly Catholic country. Present behavior is shaped by people’s view of the future. Adler believed that psychologically healthy people are usually aware of what they are doing and why they are doing it. Individual Psychology holds that everyone begins life with physical deficiencies that activate feelings of...
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