1. In the past decade, the focus of nursing research has expanded from research utilization to evidence-based practice. What is the difference between the two
Research utilization is a process of movement from research to practice. Research is used to guide professional practice.
Evidence-based practice evolves from the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient needs (Burns & Grove, 2011). With evidence-based practice, patients and their families are encouraged to take an active role in the management of their health ( Pearson, Field, & Jordan, 2007 ).Evidence-based practice is based on research and means that decisions about patient care are made on the basis of the evidence of best results.
Evidence-based practice involves the use of best research evidence to support clinical decisions in practice (Burns & Grove, 2011). Evidence –based practice gives nursing the opportunity to be proactive in making changes.
2. Review Roger’s Theory of Diffusion of Innovation and answer the following questions: Why has this shift occurred?
How has this shift affected the health care profession?
Nurses become more knowledgeable, more involved in implementing research based on evidence in practice. Also more educational materials from different sources become available. Roger’s Theory of Diffusion of Innovation based on idea that once research is understood , it becomes priceless in the nursing practice. So the more valuables outcomes nurses see from results of their research, the more evidence-based research will be utilized in nursing practice. The tipping point idea finds its origins in diffusion theory, which is a set of generalizations regarding the typical spread of innovations within a social system (Orr, 2003).
As it expressed by Orr (2003) :”Diffusion is the process by which an innovation is communicated through certain channels over time among the members of a social system...
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