Events That Caused the End of Civil War

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Q. what main event cause the end of the civil war??
I want thesis and conclusion
“Eighteen sixty one---the first year o the war---had known only one major battle. By the opening of 1862, Kentucky had been nursed out of her neutrality, the Army of the potomac had been turned into a splendid fighting machine by Mclellan, and the danger of british intervention over the Trent Affair had been averted" 1

The battle of Antietam was one of the main event which helped in the cause of the end of civil war. The battle itsleft was not that important but the aftermath which made it count. The battle was a draw, one of the most bloodiest battle in one day, losses on both sides."Southern losses were 2700 killed, 924 wounded, and 2000 missing; Union losses were 2108 killed, 9549 wounded, and 753 missing."2 If McClellan had chosen to do so he would have destroyed the army of Lee. But he chose not to do so, instead he held the corps back in reserve, Hill arrived in time to stop the attack from burnside flank, which helped Lee escaped safely accross Potomac. The fact that Lee left the battlefield and abandoned the incursion of Maryland was enough for the Union to claim victory. The victory itself led Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation. Which was hold back for two months on Seward Suggestion "until you can give it to the country supported by military success."3 "I have no purpose, directly or indirectly, to interfere with the institution of slavery in the states where it exists. I believe I have no lawful rights to do so, and I have no inclination to do so." This plain statement, first spoken by Abraham Lincoln in a campaign speech.4

Another event which helped in the cause of the end of civil war was Emancipation proclamation. The impact of the Emancipation Proclamation was far from reaching but none the less it won endorsement from important sources "There has been no more important and far reaching document ever issued since the foundation of this government," pronounced the New York Times.5 The union cause was purely an effort to restore the state as one nation, but the Emancipation Proclamation gave it a new deeper meaning."He has sounded forth the trumpet that shall never call retreat; He is shifting out the hearts of men before his judgement seat: Oh! Be swift, my soul, to answer Him! Be jubilant, my feet! Our god is marching on."6 That new meaning caused a stir in the North and within the army itself. But the effects were somewhat muted when McClellan was dismissed as commander of the Army. The strongest impact of the proclamation was made across the Atlantic. It was ironic because one of Lee’s purposes in invading Maryland was to gain recognition and support from Great Britain by following a defeat of the Union. But it turned out to be the exact opposite in which Union forces denied him victory and the Emancipation Proclamation would prevent the British government from coming to Confederacy’s aid. For Britain it would have been political issue to support South once Lincoln made the eradication and freedom of slavery as the new war aim. "After Antietam and the preliminary proclamation, much remained to be done to restore the Union, free the slaves, and forestall Foreign intervention."7

It is said most often that battle of Gettysburg event played a crucial role in the cause of ending the civil war. Gettysburg was a major defeat for Lee. It didn't let Lee’s invasion of the North and finished his hopes for a major defeat of the Union on their own soil. However, it did not resulted in the destruction of Lee’s army and, even though he would offer his resignation, it still did not lead to a change in command. The battle would last for 3 bloody days."Southern losses were 3903 killed, 18735 wounded, and 5425 missing; Union losses were 3155 killed, 14529 wounded, and 5365 missing."8 During that time, there would be other events upon which the course of the war would not so...
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