Background of the Study
It is hereby declared the policy of the state to adopt a systematic, comprehensive and ecological solid waste management program which shall ensure the proper segregation, collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal of solid waste through the formulation and adoption of the best environmental practice in ecological waste management. (R.A. 9003, Sec. 2, d.) Preparation and implementation of waste management programs shall be required of all provinces, cities and municipalities. A provision of existing plans affecting the development, use and protection of air, water or natural resources shall be considered. (Presidential Decree 1152, Sec. 43, d.) Strength the integration of ecological solid waste management and resource conservation and recovery topics into the academic curricula of formal and non-formal education in order to promote environmental awareness and action among the citizenry. (R.A. 9003, Sec. 2, j) The state shall protect and advance the right of the people to a balance and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and harmony of nature. The state also recognizes the principles that “polluters must pay”. Finally, the state recognizes that a clean and healthy environment is for the good of all and should therefore be the concern of all. (R.A. 8749, Sec.2) People have always preferred to settle along bodies of water because these provide them with food, livelihood, transportation, and entertainment. Companies have also built their factories, offices, and trading warehouses along rivers, lakes, and bays because these provide easy access to transportation and free dumping place for industrial effluents. The influx of people and industries near these bodies of water has given rise to extreme pollution, and clogging, and to the obstruction of the water. The abused and misused waterways have exacted their own revenge on their abusers: they swell up during downpours, drowning people and destroying homes and crops and infrastructure; they emit sickening stench and harmful gases; and they harbor germs and vermin that make people very sick, even die. (Clogged and Reeking Creek: Who is to Blame? Casimiro B. Juarez Jr., et. Al) Solid waste over the past thirty years, has remained the most visible, and silently dangerous, environmental problem in the country. The indiscriminate throwing of garbage contaminates our waters, with clogged drains open for insect breeding which brings about diseases targeting our children. (Managing Solid Waste in the Philippines: The Dirty Business) Observe improper management of solid waste creates health problems such as typhoid, dysentery, cholera, paratyphoid and dengue fever. (Pfeffer, 1992) Littering of solid waste or the practice of throwing waste on the unpaved streets, roadways, and vacant lands lead to the breeding of rats with their attendant flies carrying bubonic plague. (Tchobanoglous, et. al. 1993) Solid wastes are washed out on the coast in obvious and visible form which is if not properly treated could further fuse threats to lives of the people residing nearby. The improper solid waste disposal is one of the major factors / causes of water pollution - which is a growing health threat among the nations. These solid wastes generated from the most populated areas. Public bus terminals and public markets are one of the major generators and contributors of solid waste materials threatening the coastal resources. This study focuses on the evaluation of the constraints of ecological solid waste management program in public bus terminals and public markets in the municipality of Sogod, Southern Leyte which is located in its coastal areas.
Statement of the Problem
The main aim of the study is to evaluate the Solid Waste Management awareness in the Coastal Public Market and Bus Terminal of Sogod, Southern Leyte. In order to facilitate the evaluation, there are objectives that need to consider such as: 1.to identify the...