“Evaluate the progress in meeting the Millennium development goals in terms of Health, Education and Poverty.” Introduction:
In 2000, the Millennium Development Goals(MDGs) were officially established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations. At the Millennium Summit in September, the largest gathering of world leaders in history adopted the UN Millennium Declaration, committing their nations to a new global partnership to reduce extreme poverty and setting out a series of time-bound targets, with a deadline of 2015, that have become known as the Millennium Development Goals. Now, after 12 years of efforts in creating a better world along with the eight goals, what have the United Nations and other international organizations done and are the goals still achievable before the deadline which is in 2015? To ensure the world to be able to meet the targets, it is very important to evaluate and analyse the progress so that the authorities can come up with more effective ways and plans for future implementations to realise this world mission. Health
Health is probably the most essential aspect to be considered as it is included in three of the eight Millennium Development Goals: the fourth goal which is reducing child mortality rates, the fifth goal which is improving maternal health, and the sixth goal which is combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases. Considerable progress has been made in reducing under-five mortality since 1990. In the developing regions, the mortality rate declined by 35 per cent, from 97 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 63 in 2010. Despite population growth, the number of under-five deaths worldwide fell from more than 12 million in 1990 to 7.6 million in 2010. Five of nine developing regions show reductions in under-five mortality of more than 50 per cent from 1990 through 2010. Northern Africa already has achieved the MDG 4 target, bringing down the child mortality rate by 67 per cent, and Eastern Asia is close,...
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