Euthanasia and Autonomy

Topics: Euthanasia, Death, Principle of double effect Pages: 3 (928 words) Published: October 27, 2012
Principles of Active and Passive Euthanasia

Euthanasia is the act of allowing a person to die painlessly by withholding medical measures. Some consider euthanasia to be mercy killing, the practice of ending a life in order to relieve someone from pain or intolerable suffering. There are two principles of euthanasia, which are active euthanasia and passive euthanasia. There are four indirect forms of euthanasia as well, voluntary and involuntary, direct, and indirect. Active euthanasia is when medical professionals or another person consciously chooses to do something that causes a patient or someone sick to pass away; while passive euthanasia is when someone dies because medical professionals or another person stops doing something that is causing someone to stay alive. Although there are different types of euthanasia, there is no difference in the purpose. Euthanasia is the intentional termination of one’s life by another human being. Many are against euthanasia because it goes against the 6th amendment, “Thou Shalt Not Kill” and many medical professionals are against assisted suicide because it violates human dignity and a person’s will to survive. Active euthanasia can be demonstrated in several different ways. Many who believe in active euthanasia don’t consider it to be the killing. When it is used, most times another person provides the right medication or the correct dosage that assists in the killing of the one who is sick. Voluntary euthanasia goes hand in hand with active euthanasia because it means that voluntary euthanasia is performed at the will of the person who is doing the pain and suffering. This is done directly to the person, which is another way to perform euthanasia. Passive euthanasia can also be demonstrated in numerous ways as well. By allowing someone to starve or not giving someone their necessary treatment that they need to stay alive is an example of euthanasia in the passive sense. Involuntary euthanasia is considerably...
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