The purpose of this paper is to discuss the topic of euthanasia with the intention of shedding some light on this issue should you ever have to make this choice. There are many reasons for and against euthanasia and this article will explore some of those reasons. Specifically this paper includes a review of the following topics; Background which will include; What is euthanasia and where does it come from, Canadian law in regards to euthanasia, Euthanasia in other countries, What does our society say today? Then I will be looking at the pro euthanasia which will include; Can euthanasia be dignified where I will be looking at the Kantian and the Healthy Soul Theories, and Personnel choice. The last part will be looking at against euthanasia which will include; Who decided when to die which will include the Divine command theory and the Ethical Dilemma and I will end with a Conclusion. Thereafter, an analysis will be completed on the a fore mentioned that will include a discussion analysis of what is taken from within an existing body of research with final recommendations which will be presented based on the research.
What is Euthanasia and where does it come from?
The meaning of the word euthanasia comes from a combination of Greek words eu meaning good and athantos meaning death (Corbett, 2009). Therefore one would say that euthanasia is a good death and by saying this we are then saying “to die with dignity” (Corbett, 2009). Euthanasia is the intentional killing of people who are terminally ill or who no longer have the same quality of life as other healthy human beings and are suffering. By terminally ill we mean a human being with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time (Mondofacto, 1998). By a suffering person we mean is someone who is in a great deal of pain, is being kept alive by medicine, feeding tubes, or life support, and has no chance of recovery. We need to keep in mind that allowing someone to die and killing someone are two completely different things. The request to euthanize can be made in many different ways and by various people; however, regardless of this, the action would result in that human being’s life is being terminated forever. The ethical dilemma is whether one has the right to euthanize a person or not, when in fact they are still considered to be living and breathing human beings. It is thought that the need for euthanasia is to prevent further misery of that person’s life and to eliminate burdens on those around that human being. Yes, many know this as mercy killing but one has to ask who the mercy is for; for the actual human being that is going to die or rather for the person who no longer wishes to care for that human being and would rather the ill human beings life was terminated forever.
The Canadian Law states “No person is entitled to consent to have death inflicted on him, and such consent does not affect the criminal responsibility of any person by whom death may be inflicted on the person by whom consent is given (Tiedemann & Valiquet, 2008).” “In the medical context, a doctor who, at a patient’s request, gives the patient a lethal injection would be criminally liable (Tiedemann & Valiquet, 2008).” In the article, Just Dying: Euthanasia and assisted suicide (Zamprelli, 2011), Jocelyn shows clear comparisons to the legal and illegal way of assisting people to die. She explains how they are both essentially doing the same thing just in different ways. Somehow the law allows us to pull the plug on a respirator thereby removing the life sustaining treatment from the person compared to administering a lethal injection which also removes a life sustaining treatment. (Zamprelli, 2011) By definition murder is the intent to cause death and first-degree murder is when the act is often planned and deliberate; therefore one would expect euthanasia to be prosecuted as...