Topics: Euthanasia, Medical ethics, Medical law Pages: 2 (648 words) Published: June 13, 2013
Definition :
Euthanasia means good death. It refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering. Different of euthanasia laws in each country :
* The British House of Lords Select Committee on Medical Ethics defines euthanasia as "a deliberate intervention undertaken with the express intention of ending a life, to relieve intractable suffering". * In the Netherlands, euthanasia is understood as "termination of life by a doctor at the request of a patient". Voluntary Euthanasia| Non-voluntary Euthanasia|

* Refers to the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. Voluntary euthanasia (VE) have been the focus of great controversy in recent years. * Legal in Belgium, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and the US states of Oregon and Washington. | * Sometimes known as mercy killing * Is euthanasia conducted where the explicit consent of the individual concerned is unavailable, such as when the person is in a persistent vegetative state. It contrasts with involuntary euthanasia, where euthanasia is performed against the will of the patient. * Decision can be made based on what the incapacitated individual would have wanted, or it could be made on substituted judgment of what the decision maker would want were he or she in the incapacitated person's place, or finally, the decision could be made by the doctor by his own decision.|

* Involuntary euthanasia occurs when euthanasia is performed on a person who is able to provide informed consent, but does not, either because they do not choose to die, or because they were not asked. * Involuntary euthanasia is contrasted with voluntary euthanasia (euthanasia performed with the patient's consent) and non-voluntary euthanasia(where the patient is unable to give their informed consent, for example when a patient is comatose or a child). Involuntary euthanasia is widely opposed and is regarded as a crime in...
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