HCA322: Health Care Ethics & Medical Law (BGE1301A)
Instructor: Kymberly Lum
January 13, 2013
Euthanasia refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering, "A gentle and easy death.” The means of bringing about a gentle and easy death. Euthanasia , which include voluntary, non-voluntary, or involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is legal in some countries and U.S. states where Non-voluntary euthanasia is illegal in all countries. Involuntary euthanasia is considered to be murder. “The word "euthanasia" was first used in a medical context by Francis Bacon in the 17th century, to refer to an easy, painless, happy death, during which it was a "physician's responsibility to alleviate the 'physical sufferings' of the body." Passive and active euthanasia, Voluntary, non-voluntary and involuntary euthanasia can all be divided into passive or active. Passive entails the withholding of common treatments, with an antibiotic, needed for the continuing life. Active euthanasia entails the use of lethal substances and or forces, which involves administering a lethal injection, to kill and is the most controversial means. "Passive euthanasia is an alternative name for withdrawal of treatment - the doctor withholds life-sustaining treatment. Passive euthanasia occurs when the patient dies because the medical professionals either don't do something necessary to keep the patient alive, or when they stop doing something that is keeping the patient alive. switch off life-support machines, disconnect a feeding tube, don't carry out a life-extending operation, don't give life-extending drugs." Active euthanasia, "Those instances of euthanasia in which a clearly competent person makes a voluntary and enduring request to be helped to die." Active euthanasia means that someone else other than the patient commits an action with the intent to end the patient's life. For example injecting a patient with a...