“Europeanisation as Implementation: the Impact of Environmental Policy-Making in Ireland”

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Jane O’Mahony, “Europeanisation as Implementation: The Impact of Environmental Policy-making in Ireland” Irish Political Studies, Vol. 22, No. 3, 265-285, September 2007. Reviewed by Gemma Mc GivernJane O’Mahony is a lecturer in European Politics at the University of Kent. Previously, she was a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow at University College Dublin. In her research she focuses on EU policy making and on Ireland’s relationship with the EU. Since the publication of this article Jane O’Mahoney published a monograph on “Ireland and the European Union” together with Brigid Laffan.

“Europeanisation as Implementation: The Impact of Environmental Policy-making in Ireland” portrays the change in environmental policies in Ireland since Ireland’s accession to The EEC in 1973. Joane O’Mahoney compiled an accessible, structured and well-written article which shows how the policies in Ireland have been shaped to reflect environmental policy practices at the EU level. The author focuses on the highly powerful farming lobby groups and the influence they have on the government in Ireland. This article presents a strong argument on how the EU sets the agenda and ensures policies they agree on are implemented and if countries don’t adopt their policies there are procedures in place to ensure such countries are punished.

The article is divided into three sections and includes two interesting, familiar case studies- the Nitrates Directive and the Habitats Directive. The first section introduces the concept of Europenaisation and presents different interpretations. All interpretations do, however, agree that it is a process whereby EU politics and policies are incorporated at a national level across member states. This is the concept on which the article is based. The authors view that the interests and preferences of key policy stakeholders are affected by the need to comply with EU legislation is introduced. An actor-based institutionalist framework then emerges as member...
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