European Union: An Attempt at Integration

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Europe’s Early History
Minoan and Early Greek Civilization

Define:
Peninsula| Is a piece of land that is bordered by water on three sides but connected to the mainland| Minoans| Was a bronze-aged civilization that arose on the island of Crete and came to dominate the shores and islands of the Aegean Sea| Crete| Largest and most populous of the Greek isle|

Mycenaeans | Was a cultural period of Bronze Age Greece taking its name from the archaeological site of Mycenae in northeastern Argolis, in the Peloponnese of southern Greece| Mycenae my-see-nee| An Archaeological site in Greece, located about 90 Km southwest of Athens, in the north-eastern Peloponnese Argos is 11 km south| Dorians| One of the four major Greek into which the Ancient Greeks, or Hellenes, of the classical period considered themselves divided along with the Aeolians, Achaeans and Lonians| Colony| Is a territory under the immediate political control of state| Polis| Literally means city in Greek. It could also mean citizenship and body of citizens.| Agora| Was a central point in ancient Greek city-states|

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ADD THREE PICTURES FROM MINOAN CIVILIZATION (ERASE THIS PROMPT WHEN FINISHED) Important People:
Agamemnon| |
Minos| |

Notes:
Geography:
* Mountainous peninsula surrounded by warm water Seas
* Ancient Greeks made a living off the seas
* Rocky terrain and soil not suitable for growing crops
* Mountains and seas divided the Ancient Greeks from one another Minoans:
* Crete- an island southeast of Greek mainland
* Minoans- not Greeks; civilization was the first to arise in the are of Greece * Knossos- capital city
* Made their wealth from trade
* By 2000 bc, Minoan ships controlled the eastern Mediterranean sea. * By 1450, Minoan civilization suddenly collapsed
Mycenaens:
* Orginally from central Asia- invaded mainland in 1900 Bc * Leaders became the first Greek kings
* Warriors became nobles that ruled over the conquered natives * Mycenae- one of the walled palaces
* Mycenean Kingdoms
1. Centerpiece was a fortified palace on a hill
2. Beyond palace walls lay large farms
3. Collected Wheat, livestock and honey as taxes and stored in palace. Power from trade and war:
* Learned much from Minoan traders
1. Bronze working and ship building
2. Navigation of the seas
3. Worshiped the Earth Mother- Minoans chief goddess
* 1400 BC- Mycenaeans replaced the Minoans as major power * Trojan War- their most accomplished victory

Greek Dark Ages-
1200 Bc- Myceneans in trouble; earth quakes and fighting destroy 1100Bc- Mycenaens civilization had collapsed
1100-750 BC- Greek dark ages, trade slowed
Population shift- many Greeks left mainland and settled on islands or moved to Turkey

Dorians:
* Group of people that settle in Peloponnesus during Dark Ages * Brought iron weapons and farm tools
* Gradually people began to farm again to produce surplus for trade * Adopted alphabet writing from the Phoenicians
* 24 letters
* Made reading and writing Greek simpler

Move to Colonize:
* Move to Colonize
* As population increased after Dark Age, growing enough food was a challenge * Cities began sending people to colonies to make food
* 750-550 BC- Greeks streamed to the coasts of Italy, France, Spain, North Africa, and West Asia * Greek culture spreads even further
* 600 BC- Greeks begin minting coins for trade-increased trade even more

The Polis:
* Wealthy landowners over threw the Greeks kings- city states created * City states were called Polis
* Main gather place was a hill
* Fortified area called an Acropolis stood at the top of the hill * Safe refuge in case of attacks
* A religious center as well
* Agora- an open area that served as a market and a place for open discourse

Greek Citizenship:
* City-states were run by its citizens
*...
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