European Settlement and Native American Resistance 1519-1689

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European Settlement and Native American Resistance

When Europeans migrated to North American, each nationality (Spanish, English, French, and Dutch) had its own distinctive way of settling in the land and interacting with Native Americans. To catch up with the Spanish in the race to exploit the possibilities of the Atlantic World, the English started to conquer other nations, particularly the Americas. However, they were not the people who cause more destruction but the Native Americans were.

The English began their entrance into the American world in the 1560s and 1570s, led by men such as Sir Francis Drake. By the 1580, they were ready to establish a permanent position in the Americans. To be more detailed, they tried to find the places to serve as bases for raid on the Spanish and for further exploration. In 1587, the thirty-one-year-old favorite of Queen Elizabeth, Sir Walter Raleigh, financed the establishment of one such bas on Roanoke islands called the Outer Banks that runs along the coast of what is now North Carolina. Unfortunately, this first attempt was a disastrous beginning. Its settlers vanished completely in a mysterious way. Those English may well have been adopted by the Croatian people— an early form of the name of a nearby Native American group, the Croatians. That probably was the first destruction of the Native Americans. After that, about twenty years passed before the English tried to settle on the Atlantic Coast of North America. In 1607 they formed a settlement in a mosquito-infested swamp 60 miles from the mouth of the James River in the Chesapeake Bay region. They called the new village Jamestown in honor of their king, James I. the 104 adventurers who started the colony were shareholders in the Virginia Company, a joint-stock company established in London in 1606. The Virginia Company had plans for a permanent colony. In fact, the English wanted to live peacefully with the Native American...
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