European History Ch18 Terms

Page 1 of 6

European History Ch18 Terms

By | November 2012
Page 1 of 6
Key concepts and terms:

Copernican hypothesis-The idea that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the universe.

Cartesian absolutism-decided it was necessary to doubt everything that could reasonably be doubt, use deductive reasoning from self-evident principles to ascertain scientific laws.

Law of inertia- an object continues in a constant state of motion forever unless stopped by some external force.

Aristotelian world-view-Motionless earth was fixed at center of universe, God was beyond.

Empirical method- same as inductive method- begin with inductive observation, then form a hypothesis, conduct experiments and then organize the data.

Deductive reasoning-start with clear and incontrovertible facts, then subdivide each problem into as many parts as necessary, using a step-by-step logical sequence

Rationalism- Nothing was to be accepted on faith, everything was to be submitted to the rational, critical, scientific way of thinking.

General will- Is sacred and absolute, reflecting the common interests of all the people who have displeased the monarch as the holder of Sovereign power, it is not necessarily the will of the majority.

Secular- The belief in material things instead of religious things

Skepticism- The belief that nothing can ever be known beyond all doubt and that humanity's best hope was open-minded toleration.

Tabula Rasa- A blank tablet, incorporated into Locke's belief that all ideas are derived from experience, and that the human mind at birth is like a blank tablet on which the environment writes the individual's understanding and beliefs.

Parlement of Paris- the chief judicial body under the ancien régime; consisted of a number of separate chambers: the central pleading chamber, called the Grand-Chambre; the Chambre des Requêtes (to deal with petitions) and the Chambre des Enquêtes (to handle inquests); the Chambre de la Tournelle (to settle criminal cases); and finally the Chambre de l'Édit (to process...