Ethnocentrism Matrix

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Review the characteristics listed in each of the following categories: "Presumed American Cultural Norms" and "Presumed Cultural Norms of Other Cultures." Based on personal experience, list the possible advantages and disadvantages of each cultural norm. Also, indicate whether the norms are true. Presumed American Cultural Norms

Emphasis on promptness and timeFalseThere is a clear understanding of when an event starts. Time management is highly regarded. People become distressed when there is not enough time to complete a task. Direct, explicit communicationTrueCommunication is simplified. Directness can sometimes be perceived as rude or curt. Competitive spiritTrueCompetition encourages innovation. Competition may lead to separate teams instead of encouraging cooperation and sharing. Rugged individualismTruePeople are free to be whatever they would like to be.Conformity lends itself to less conflict between different cultures. Informality in relationshipsFalsePeople tend to be more respectful of those with whom they share more formal relationships. People are lonely, and have few intimate confidants. Presumed Cultural Norms of Other Cultures

Emphasis on harmony and orderFalseTolerance and acceptance of cultural and religious differences would be encouraged, and conflicts would be less likely to end in violence.Sharing new ideas and innovations may be discouraged for the sake of harmony and order. Respect for authority and/or ageTrueThe elderly are not seen a burden. Fewer crimes are committed because people are more respectful of the laws. Young adults are not given as many opportunities in favor of more experienced workers. Unfair laws are not challenged for fear of prosecution. Precedence of group over the individualTrueThe welfare and ideas of the group are protected. "Group think" can take over a society. Different...
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