Ethnic separatism in China; case of Uygur
Ethnic separatism, creating for the present Chinese leadership enormous tension in the domestic and, especially in foreign policy is for him, according to many experts, one of the most acute problems. By the problem of ethnic separatism, which has a special place in the relations between China and Central Asia, means the so-called "Uighur issue." Due to the fact that the history of the Uighur people struggle for independence from China in the late twentieth century, received its new development. According to the forecasts of some analysts, in the near future, China will have to face the growing problem of the separatist movement in Xinjiang, due to its access to the final stage. Is this true? Apparently, no matter how events will develop, and what steps one or other of the warring sides in the coming years must inevitably decide the fate of the international movement for the independence of the Uighurs. This is due to taken by the Chinese government is acting within the country and in the international political arena. The essence of the problem "of Uighur separatism", "The Uighur issue" has acquired a qualitatively new dimension to the communist government of China from the beginning of the 90s of the twentieth century, when under the influence of destructive processes in the USSR and in connection with the acquisition of the sovereignty of former Soviet republics increased separatist tendencies in China - in of Uighur and Tibetan population in the country. What is the Separatism?
Generally accepted interpretation of the phenomenon of separatism exists. In general, the concept of “separatism” is a broader concept of “territorial dispute”. Signs of separatism as a conflict manifested in the clash of forces, parties and interests. The object of the conflict can act as a piece of material, social, political or spiritual reality and territory, the land, its mineral wealth, social status, power distribution, language and cultural differences.  In the first case, a social conflict, in the second - territorial. Separatism, developing on the basis of differences in material culture, social and political status, ethnic or religious identity, in the final analysis is the desire to release the territory of the boundaries of the existing state space. The most important component of any separatist conflict is an identity crisis, manifested by changes in the ethnic, religious and political identity of the people, the increasing influence of nationalist groups and associations, increase their political activity. Consolidated identity transformation of a single state in the set of local identities ruptured peripheral - evidence of the irreversibility of the processes of disintegration. On this basis, separatism can be defined as a political movement that occurs in geographically heterogeneous, I mean ethnically, religiously, culturally, economically, by government designed to yield part of the territory of a single state to create a new independent state, secession or becoming a part of another state. Due to the continual (continuous) The evolution of disintegration processes, the boundaries of "separatism" is vague and arbitrary. Importance of Eastern Turkistan to China
For China, East Turkistan is very important from several aspects. East Turkistan can be designated as a new strategically important region. One look at the world map is enough to see this fact. The region, which consists about one-sixth of the total area of China, borders on Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and both sides of the Indo-Pakistani Line of Control in Kashmir, as well as the Chinese Line of Control, claimed by India. The region also has borders with Russia and Mongolia in the north as well as the Tibet Autonomous Region in the south, which also has a long history of unrest and resistance to Chinese rule. So, in terms of geopolitics, it is quite appropriate to say that the Uighur region is a...
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