Diversity and Cultural Factors in Psychology PSY/450
January 5, 2012
Cultural clashes, global wars, international misunderstandings, and ethnic conflicts have been occurring for decades. As early as the 1940s, constant hostility within the Middle East has resulted in suffering to human rights, education, and family structure (Huntington, Fronk & Chadwick, 2001). Culture seems to be implicated as the major contributor to conflict. The increasing modernization is strongly intertwined in this process, as it challenges traditional ideas, conservative values, and educational obstacles. How and why ethnic group conflicts occur will be illustrated in this paper by comparing and examining two ethnic groups at war. The concept of conformity and its relations to the ethnic groups will be explained as well as the kinship between social perception and social cognition. In addition, the necessary social perceptions for the resolution of the conflict will be discussed. Israeli-Palestinian Conflict
Ethnic conflicts are hostile feuds occurring between groups within a specific country and very often involve cultural reservoirs. Cultural reservoirs refer to the collection of benevolence and comprehension that develops out of the same beliefs, perceptions, values, historical encounters, and many others. When dissent takes place between cultural groups, cultural reservoirs play a crucial role in how the controversies are solved and surely, play a meaningful part in the Israeli-Palestinian clash. The Israeli-Palestinian conflict originated out of an uncontrolled hostile prejudice against Jews throughout most of Europe, and reached the highest point during the Nazi era in Germany. The destruction and expulsion of Jews out of Jerusalem is another reason the Jews began to look for a new homeland. The misfortune of the Jewish community in Europe adds to the Palestinian hardship for both ethnic groups left to feel powerless. The Jews and Palestinians suffered under Hitler’s power and not as assumed in prior times that the Israeli-Palestinian conflict originated out of past antagonism between Jews and Muslims. Part of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict is the regulation of border rights, being in control of Jerusalem, responsibilities for land and water, the creation of two independent states (Palestinian and Jewish) and others. Various attempts have been made to bring peace to the region, by presidents. President Bill Clinton made an attempt to resolve the major problems at Camp David in 2000. The failed attempt resulted in even more hostility, which contributed to the deaths of thousands of Palestinians and Israelis. In 2007, the United States tried once again to set up a peace conference, which tried to end finally the misunderstanding and feud between both ethnic groups by 2008. However, this was impossible because of the increase in violence and the Israelis building new communities on Palestinian land (Payne, 2009). Still today both ethnic groups could not come to a peace agreement because neither is capable of agreeing on subjects such as water rights, purpose and significance of Jerusalem, security, refugees, and others (Zanotti, 2008). Similarities and Differences between Palestinian and Israeli One of the major differences between Palestinians and Israelis is their religion. About four-fifths of the Israeli population is Jewish whereas the rest are Palestinian Arabs (Muslims). The Jewish population is made of distinct characteristics supplemented by the different regions from which its people immigrate. Since the 19th century, Jews from several countries including Western Europe, Asia, Africa, and others are migrating Israel. The different ethnic roots, cultures, and languages certainly contribute to the diversity of the Jewish people, making it one of a kind. The language spoken primarily by the Jews is Hebrew and they preferably pray in their synagogues. The Jews are not only...