Ethiopian Jewery

Topics: Israel, Ethiopia, Judaism Pages: 7 (2901 words) Published: April 9, 2013
Ethiopian Jews Airlifts
It may be new information or it may be old information, but there is and were actually Jews in Ethiopia called Beta Israel, or House of Israel. The origin of these Jews is arguable, one opinion is that they are the lost tribe of Dan and that during the exodus from Egypt they wandered down to Ethiopia and there they started a life. (pbs) Another opinion is that they came from Queen Sheba and King Solomon because there is a legend that Queen Sheba went to Jerusalem to learn from King Solomon who had a dream after he met her that a son from her would be the next king of Israel. So they made a child together and Solomon sent her away to have the child. After the child, Menelik I, had grown up a bit he said he wanted to see his father, so Queen Sheba sent her Menelik I to Jerusalem. In Jerusalem Solomon told Menelik that he was to be king of Israel, but he did not want to live out of Ethiopia so Solomon made him king of Ethiopia. Menelik wanted a piece of Israel, so he took the Aharon Kodesh, which Hashem was O.K. with because he lifted Menelik and the people with him over the red sea with the Ark. (history of Ethiopia) How did were these Jews discovered? They were discovered by a Scottish explorer, James Bruce in 1769 when he was looking for the beginning of the Nile. That was when the western world’s first modern contact with Ethiopian Jews was. (Virtual library) The Ethiopians are a little different in the way that they practice their Judaism, because of the Sahara barrier. The Sahara was a block that split of the rest of the world from Ethiopia and the countries right next to the Sahara, so because of this Ethiopia was unaware of the rest of the world and how the world practices Judaism. The Ethiopian Jews had wandered to Ethiopia before anything was made except the Torah so they follow strictly pre- Talmudic Judaism. ( ibid) They do everything according to the torah which is not that hard because they are not developed and do not have the inventions that the western world has. Life for the Ethiopian Jews was not easy; it was filled with many hardships. One hard time they had to go through was that they after the Solomon Empire declined Ethiopian Jews were at war with other nations and tribes for three hundred years, until the 1600s when they finally lost. (ibid) AAEJ Press release in 1981 describes the war the Falasha mora people, Beta Israel, had,” Falasha men and women fought to the death from the steep heights of their fortress... they threw themselves over the precipice or cut each other's throats rather than be taken prisoner—it was a Falasha Masada. [The rebel leaders] burned all of the Falasha's written history and all of their religious books, it was an attempt to eradicate forever the Judaic memory of Ethiopia” (ibid) After the Ethiopian Jews lost that war they were taken as slaves to everyone else in the country and they were baptized, and denied land (ibid) they were given land back for a while at some point and then again in the 1930 till 1974 they were not allowed land again, but at least that was the only thing that was different from the Jews to the rest of the Ethiopians. (Federations) The plight of the Ethiopian Jews served as a way to reunite world Jewry through the airlifts, instilling international pride in Israel, and the acculturation of the Ethiopian communities.

Where is Ethiopia? Ethiopia is a small 471,776 sq. miles country in the east of the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Eritrea, a small country in the north, Somalia in the east on the coast, Kenya to the south, and Sudan in west. It is also bordered by Djibouti in the northeast, and Somalia also borders Ethiopia in the southeast. In 2005 Ethiopia’s estimated population was 72,053,000 people.(infoplease) Ethiopia made itself a country in the second century making it the oldest African country to be inhabited, that is old!(ibid) Ethiopia has a long history full of government...
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