September 23, 2012
Principles of Ethics
1. The Mayor of a large city was given a free membership in an exclusive golf club by people who have received several city contracts. He also accepted gifts from organizations that have not done business with the City but might in the future. The gifts ranged from $200 tickets to professional sports events to designer watches and jewelry. The Mayor’s decision to accept these gifts was ethical because anyone who is receiving gifts would automatically accept and wouldn’t even think twice about accepting them. But I believe it is wrong for the Mayor to accept gifts from organizations that have not business with them because it might cause controversial between them if they don’t pursue on working with them. The actions represented a greater good because the Mayor accepted their gifts out of courtesy to build relationships with the organizations. The Mayor would benefit from the good because he is also receiving gifts for himself. The consequences did not ethically justify his decision of accepting the gifts. I believe Locke would have addressed the problem the same way the Mayor and accepting the gifts out of respect and appreciation. 2. A college instructor is pursuing her doctorate in night school. To gain extra time for her own studies, she gives her students the same lectures, the same assignments, and the same examinations semester after semester without the slightest effort to improve them. I believe the college instructor’s decision to repeat the same assignment semester after semester was ethical because any professor in her position would do the same. Also, there are many professors that are not even pursing to higher their education repeat the same lectures and the same assignments over and over. One consequence that can occur due to repetitive of the assignments would be that it will make it easier for students to cheat of each other. Another consequence that may happen is that the school...
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