ETHICS THEORIES TABLE
Directions: Fill in the brief definitions and sub-theories of each ethical theory, and match the real-world examples listed below the table to the corresponding theories. Finally, come up with your own workplace example that fits each theory. Ethical TheoryBrief DefinitionSub-theoriesReal-world ExampleWorkplace Example
Duty-based EthicsDeontological ethics is the focus on rightness or wrongness of the action itself rather than the consequences of those actions.
This theory stresses that fidelity to principle and duty are the most important. The consequence of an action does not matter. What matters is that the act itself is right, that one does one's duty.
cA company lays of hundreds of people so that they can fund an experimental product. The result is to have a new product to offer, no consideration is made to the impact on employees.
Goal-based EthicsGoal-Based ethics say that we ought to do whatever maximizes good consequences. It doesn't in itself matter what kind of thing we do. What matters is that we maximize good results.Utilitarianism is the ethical doctrine that the moral worth of an action is solely determined by its contribution to overall good to be maximized.
dYour company participates is a collection drive for personal need items for wpman in shelters. The action makes everyone feel good about themselves even if it does not resolve the issues these woman face every day.
Rights-based EthicsThis theory is based on upholding an individual's human or legal rightsContractarianism (right-based ethics) is "a family of moral and political theories that make use of the idea of a social contract"
aA company feel it has the legal right to build a new facility in order to increase profit and does not consider the environmental effects of building on the land, water or air.
Human Nature EthicsHuman-based ethics, all humans count or are valuable in themselves. Human...