Ethics in Planning

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Ethics for the Prevention of Corruption in Turkey

ACADEMIC RESEARCH REPORT

PLANNING ETHICS AT LOCAL LEVEL

Asst. Prof. Dr. Gökçen KILINÇ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hüseyin ÖZGÜR Asst. Prof. Dr. Fatma Neval GENÇ

May 2009

ACADEMIC RESEARCH REPORT PLANNING ETHICS AT LOCAL LEVEL

Asst. Prof. Dr. Gökçen KILINÇ Assoc. Prof. Dr. Hüseyin ÖZGÜR Asst. Prof. Dr. Fatma Neval GENÇ

May 2009

This academic research has been conducted within the project on “Ethics for the Prevention of Corruption in Turkey (TYEC)” which was funded by the European Commission and implemented by the Council of Europe in co-operation with the Council of Ethics for the Public Service of the Republic of Turkey. The overall objective of TYEC is to contribute to the prevention of corruption in Turkey in accordance with European and other international standards through the implementation and extension of the code of conduct, and the development of anti-corruption measures.

Council of Ethics for the Public Service Başbakanlık Yeni Bina (DPT Binası) Necatibey Caddesi No:108 Kat:1 Yücetepe Ankara Turkey

Council of Europe Directorate General of Human Rights and Legal Affairs Technical Co-operation Directorate Economic Crime Division Corruption and Fraud Unit F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex France Phone : 33 3 88412354 Fax : 33 3 90215650 www.coe.int/tyec

Phone : 90 312 4191533 Fax : 90 312 4241774 www.kamuetik.gov.tr

The views expressed in this document do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission and Council of Europe.

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CONTENTS Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 5 1. Media and Literature Review: Current, Conceptual and Theoretical Issues.................... 7 1.1. News about Planning Ethics in Local Government: Turkish Media..........................................7 1.2. Literature Review.......................................................................................................... 10 1.3. Literature Review: Main Themes..................................................................................... 11 1.4. Discussion on Planning Theory in Connection with Ethics................................................... 12 1.5. Discussion on Ethical Dilemmas in Planning...................................................................... 12 1.6. Discussions on Turkish Planning System and Plan Applications in Connection with Ethics....... 13 1.7. Summary of the main themes......................................................................................... 14 2. Legal Framework of Planning and Ethical Related Issues in Turkey ............................. 15 2.1. The Laws Concerning Local Administrations ..................................................................... 15 2.1.1 The Law of the Greater (Metropolitan) Municipalities (Act no: 5216).............................. 15 2.1.2. Municipalities Law (Act no: 5393) ............................................................................. 16 2.1.3. The Law of Special Provincial Administration (Act no: 5302) ........................................ 17 2.2. Laws Concerning Urban Development and Land Use ......................................................... 17 2.2.1. Development Law (Act no: 3194).............................................................................. 17 2.2.2. The Law for Conservation and Renewal of Deteriorated Historical and Cultural Assets (Act no: 5366) ....................................................................................................................... 18 2.2.3. Housing Development Law (Act no: 2985) and Revisions in the Powers and Responsibilities of the Housing Development Administration (Act no: 5162).................................................. 19 2.2.5. Law for the Encouragement of Tourism (Act no: 2634 & 4957) .................................... 19 2.2.7. Unauthorized Buildings (Gecekondu) Law...
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