1. Is it right to judge a person by their physical appearance?
2. Is it right to base your decision off looks?
3. Is it right to base the decision off the students?
4. Is it right to discriminate?
5. Is it right to not consider the law about discrimination is the workplace?
Discrimination against physical appearance is the central ethical issue to be resolved because although there were debates from the committee members, they still chose to eliminate Darrell because of his physical appearance. Also discrimination in a workplace is illegal, so it should be addressed.
1. Physical features discrimination in employment (www.humanrightscommission.vic.gov.au) This article explains how discriminating against someone in the workplace is against the law. This article is relevant to the main moral issue because it relates to question 5 in Identification. This source shows that the hiring committee is doing an unlawful deed by discriminating against Darrell’s physical appearance. This article answers the question, “Is it legal to discriminate in a workplace?”
2. Obesity discrimination: the role of physical appearance, personal ideology, and anti-fat prejudice. (www.nature.com) This article is relevant to the main moral issue because it relates to the discrimination of Darrell’s weight. This article explains that although it is unlawful to judge someone by their weight it tends to happen in many work places. In Darrell’s case he was overweight, and unappealing to most people in physical appearance, however he was one of the best at giving the speeches. So although, he was the best he was eliminated due to his weight and “ugliness.” This article answers the question, “ Where is discrimination more likely to take place?”
3. The Existence of Appearance-based Discrimination (www.josephlesley.com) This article is relevant to the main moral issue because it shows the effect of discrimination in the economy. Darrell, who was a hard-working individual, lost out on a job due to his physical appearance. This might have an effect on his family (if he has one) and on his plans for his future. This article answers the question, “What effects does discrimination against one’s physical appearance have on that person?”
Stakeholders| Option #1| Option # 2 |
| Not hire Darrell because of his physical appearance.| Hire Darrell | Darrell| Doesn’t get hired, has to look for another job, and has to deal with being discriminated against. -8| Gets the job as a professor. Might be ridiculed because of his physical appearance. Earns money, but may not enjoy his job. +5| Hiring Committee| Still has to chose between two candidates, makes the decision a little easier. 0| Has made a decision. May not be liked for hiring an unattractive professor. +4| Students| Still have to wait on getting a new professor, might miss out on valuable information if the wrong candidate is hired. They are happy because an attractive professor will be hired. However, the attractive-ness in the professor could distract them from their studies. -5| Have a new professor. May make fun of their professor and not take the course seriously. The more academic students would be able to focus in class due to Darrell’s unappealing features, however the other students may be too preoccupied by Darrell’s looks. 0| Jamal| Has a better chance at getting hired. +5| Loses an opportunity on a job. -5| Tanya| Has a better chance at getting hired. +5| Loses an opportunity for a job. -5|
1a. Act Utilitarianism
In applying Act utilitarianism you need to identify the ethical decision to be made in the given situation. This is the right action in any situation is the one that produces the most happiness for the greatest possible number. We can rate the happiness on a scale of -10 to +10, +10 being the most pleased and -10 being the...