Topics: Philosophy, Centuries, Middle Ages Pages: 6 (1559 words) Published: September 12, 2014

Ancient times Medieval Ages Modern Era Contemporary Times (7th Century B.C.) (8th – 16th A.D.) (17th -18th A.D.) (20th -21st Century A.D.)

Ancient: (7th Century B.C. - 5th Century A.D.)
Pre-Socratic (7th - 5th Century B.C.)
Socratic (5th - 4th Century B.C.)
Hellenistic (3rd Century B.C. - 3th Century A.D.)
Roman (1st Century B.C. - 5th Century A.D.)
Medieval: (6th - 16th Century)
Medieval (6th - 14th Century)
Renaissance (15th - 16th Century)
Modern: (17th - 20th Century)
Age of Reason (17th Century)
Age of Enlightenment (18th Century)
Contemporary: (19th - 20th Century)

Famous in Ancient Times
Pythagoras of Samos - was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and founder of the religious movement called Pythagoreanism. Most of the information about Pythagoras was written down centuries after he lived, so very little reliable information is known about him. He was born on the island of Samos, and might have travelled widely in his youth, visiting Egypt and other places seeking knowledge. Protagoras - was a Pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Thrace in northern Greece, although he made his name as a teacher and advisor in Athens. Along with his rough contemporary Gorgias, he is considered one of the major figures in the philosophical school of Sophism, and Plato credits him with having invented the role of the professional Sophist or teacher of virtue. He is also sometimes known as the father of Relativism and of Agnosticism. Thales of Miletus - was a pre-Socratic Greek philosopher from Miletus in Asia Minor, and one of the Seven Sages of Greece. Many, most notably Aristotle, regard him as the first philosopher in the Greek tradition. Democritus - was an influential Ancient Greek pre-Socratic philosopher primarily remembered today for his formulation of an atomic theory of the universe. Famous in Medieval Period

The Medieval period of philosophy represents a renewed flowering of Western philosophical thought after the intellectual drought of the Dark Ages. Augustine of Hippo - also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin, was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings were very influential in the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy. Anicius Manlius Severinus Boëthius - He is sometimes called the last of the Roman philosophers and the first of the Scholastics, and his final work, the "Consolation of Philosophy", assured his legacy in the Middle Ages and beyond. His Latin translations of some of the works of Aristotle were the only ones available in Europe until the 12th century. Albertus Magnus (AKA St. Albert the Great or Albert of Cologne) - was a 13th Century German philosopher, theologian and scientist of the Medieval period. He is mainly associated with the dominant Medieval movement of Scholasticism, and his influence on the development of Scholastic philosophy in the 13th Century was enormous, especially his incorporation of Aristotelianism into the Christian west. He is also known as an early advocate for the peaceful coexistence of science and religion. Peter Abelard - was a 12th Century French philosopher, theologian and logician of the Medieval period. He is mainly associated with the dominant Medieval movement of Scholasticism. He is probably most famous, however, for the story of his love affair with his student Héloïse which has become legendary as a romantic tale. Famous in Modern era

The Age of Reason period of the Modern era of philosophy is generally regarded as the start of modern philosophy, and roughly equates to the 17th Century. René Descartes - was a French philosopher, mathematician, scientist and writer of the Age of Reason. He has been called the "Father of Modern Philosophy", and much of subsequent Western philosophy can be seen as a...
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