This report is about the chosen topic abortion, it will consider the ethical principles and perspectives that are associated with abortion.
This report will discuss the ethical perspectives on abortion, it will discuss the Abortion Act 1967 and the ethical views from two Philosophers, Immanuel Kant and Niccolo Machiavelli. The report will discuss and critically evaluate the policies of England, China and the Dominican Republic.
The term abortion is used to describe the medical process of ending a pregnancy so that it does not result in the birth of a child. It is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first twenty eight weeks (Oxforddictionaries, 2013). Abortion is also known as a termination or termination of pregnancy (NHS choices, 2013). In the UK policies it states that any single or married, women or girl of any age, religion or culture can have an abortion, if the reason is outlined in the law and only if it is signed for acceptance. An abortion is legal only if two qualified doctors sign to agree that the termination of the pregnancy is necessary (Shine.NHS, 2013). There are many reasons women decide on having an abortion, financial problems, being single, lack of support, being homeless, personal circumstances and a high risk that the baby would be born with a medical condition or disability are included. Another reason, being the pregnancy is less than twenty four weeks, and the birth of the child would harm the mother’s physical or mental health more than it would from a termination, another consideration would be that if the child was to be born it would have a serious effect on the health and well-being of the other children that the mother may have, or if the mother’s life was in danger this being a termination would be necessary. An abortion can be carried out as soon as a woman knows that she is pregnant, this would be confirmed before the abortion by carrying out a pregnancy test, and as soon as she is sure that she does not wish to continue with the pregnancy. Medical abortions can be carried out as early as a pregnancy can be confirmed; the shorter the time in a pregnancy, the better the procedure will work. Medical abortion is not normally done after nine weeks, after this time surgical abortion is recommended to be the safest and suitable option (Donnellan, 2000).
Under the UK law, abortions are only allowed to be carried out during the first 24 weeks of the pregnancy and in a hospital or specialised licensed clinic that has been approved by the Department of Health. Only qualified Doctors must perform the procedure. In most cases the abortion procedure is carried out in a day. Before an abortion can take place the women must have an appointment with a doctor to discuss the situation, the different abortion methods and the method that would be suitable for the stage of the pregnancy. The women must fully understand the decision they are to make, and be made aware that they are eligible for the decision. The Doctor will discuss the possible risks and complications of the procedure, medical history will be checked to make sure the abortion is suitable and a blood test and sexually transmitted infection test will be carried out. An ultrasound scan and a vaginal examination will be carried out to confirm the week’s pregnant (Donnellan, 2000). Abortions are carried out depending on how early on in the pregnancy the mother is having the abortion, the early medical abortion is the pill, this can be performed in the first nine weeks of the pregnancy. The mother is given two medicines forty eight hours apart, the first pill is mifepristone, the second pill, which is a prostaglandin tablet is inserted into the vagina or taken orally (Brook,...
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