The importance of knowing the contents of professional codes of conduct and the purposes and limitations of such codes is essential to the understanding of ethical and legal issues in counseling. school counselors should have at least a basic understanding of their ethical responsibilities , necessarily provide answers to the many specific dilemmas that practitioners will face. When the standards do not provide enough direction counselors are encouraged to consult with colleagues, professional experts, and perhaps their administrative supervisors before taking action. Almost all professionals, at some point in their career, suspect or become aware of a colleague's unethical behavior. School counselors are obligated to address any conduct by a colleague that could cause harm to clients. Counselors should: (a) try to resolve the issue by confronting the colleague directly, if possible; (b) report the behavior to a superior, professional association, or credentialing authority if a direct confrontation is not possible or is not effective; and (c) take steps to protect any vulnerable clients
PRIVACY, CONFIDENTIALITY, AND PRIVILEGED COMMUNICATION
Confidentiality and privileged communication are two related issues Information clients relate to counselors should be kept confidential with the following general exceptions: (a) the client is a danger to self or others; (b) the client or parent requests that information be related to a third party; or, (c) a court orders a counselor to disclose information. Although all school counselors have a confidentiality responsibility, very few relationships with students are considered privileged. Privileged communication is granted only by statute and guarantees clients that a court cannot compel a counselor to disclose information related in confidence. Such statutory privileges belong to clients rather... [continues]
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