FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCES
BACHELOR OF SCIENCE (HONS.) BIOLOGY
BMS 545 (IMMUNOLOGY)
TITLE: ETHICAL ISSUES IN IMMUNOLOGY
LECTURER’S NAME: PROF ASSOC. DR NOOR HANA BT HUSSAIN
NURUL ANATI BT CHE OMAR
In discussing the ethical issues of using animals in immunological research, the major issue is that many of these research animals suffer in ways which are unnatural to them. By using the genetic manipulation, obese mice, diabetic mice, and mice with Huntington’s disease can be created. Usually, larger animals such as pigs, sheep, and dogs, are use in surgery in order to practice for human operation. Naturally, such things would not happen to these animals. Any suffering they might experience during such experiments is entirely the making of the researcher and often these animals are bred for purpose and would not even exist if it were not for the research. As humans the dominant species on the planet we can treat animals in any way we choose, and do with them what we please. To some opponents of animal experimentation there are no benefits which justify the use of animals. Some humans believe that using the animal in the experiment is acceptable if the suffering to the animals is minimized. Meanwhile, others object the animal testing based on the purpose of the tests, believing that animal experimentation for the advancement of medical science is acceptable. However, cosmetic testing is not. Animal research is not dependable since there are differences between humans and other animals. However, humans respond differently to particular substances than do other animal species (arsenic is not toxic to sheep, for example, and chocolate is toxic to dogs), there are many more similarities than there are differences and toxicology differences don’t negate the validity of genetic studies. Overall, using animals in this way is even more objectionable if the accuracy of the results is in any doubt at all. The ability...
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