Ethical Decision Making

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Abstract
In synopsis, the case involves Ruby, a therapist that is counseling Henry, who expresses extremely hostile feelings toward homosexuals and toward people who have contracted AIDS. Henry is not coming to counseling to work on his feelings about gay people; his primary goal is to work out his feelings of resentment over his wife, who left him. He thinks homosexual people are deviant and that it serves them right if they do get AIDS. Ruby’s son is gay and Henry’s prejudice affects her emotionally. She is taken aback by her client’s comments and she finds that his vies are getting in the way as she attempts to work with him. The development of a dynamic set of ethical standards for psychologists’ work related conduct requires a personal commitment and lifelong effort to act ethically; to encourage ethical behavior by students, supervisees, employees and colleagues; to consult with others concerning ethical problems and using the ethical decision making model, first would be to identify the problem or dilemma” (APA, 2002), I will take a course of action to improve Henry’s condition finding an ethical resolution to the problem. Ruby could be risking rejecting her client or at the least treating her client in benign ways in order to distance her from the hurt she feels about his prejudice behavior toward gays. By remaining neutral while identifying the problem, Ruby can assist her client, place his needs first and take care to do no harm which upholds the APA Code of Ethics.

Ethical Decision Making
As I read through the different cases posed by Corey, Corey and Callahan (2011), I chose the case that is intriguing to me on many levels. The Case of Ruby, on page 62, interests me for the complexities that it poses with respect to possible sexuality and familial bias, and defamation that stems from prejudicial feelings. In synopsis, the case involves Ruby, a therapist that is counseling Henry, who expresses extremely hostile feelings toward homosexuals and toward people who have contracted AIDS. Henry is not coming to counseling to work on his feelings about gay people; his primary goal is to work out his feelings of resentment over his wife, who left him. He thinks homosexual people are deviant and that it serves them right if they do get AIDS. Ruby’s son is gay and Henry’s prejudice affects her emotionally. She is taken aback by her client’s comments and she finds that his vies are getting in the way as she attempts to work with him. Applying the steps to making ethical decisions should be a framework in systematically working toward a resolution and the goal of any ethical decision making process should be to help you take into account all relevant facts, use any resources available to you and reason through the dilemma in a way that points to the best possible course of action (Corey, G., Schneider-Corey, M., & Callanan, P., 2011).

Initial steps in ethical decision making include and are not limited to 1) identify the problem or dilemma, 2) identify the potential issues involved, 3) review the relevant ethics codes, 4) know the applicable laws and regulations, 5) obtain consultation, 6) consider possible and probable courses of action, 7) enumerate the consequences of various decisions, and 8) choose what appears to be the best course of action (Corey, G., Schneider-Corey, M., & Callanan, P., 2011). In the case of Ruby, I will attempt to slip into the practitioner’s role and do what I feel would be the best for my client in this situation. By referring to the preamble of the APA Code of Ethics which states, “Psychologists are committed to increasing scientific and professional knowledge of behavior and people’s understanding of themselves and others and to use of such knowledge to improve the condition of individuals, organizations and society. The development of a dynamic set of ethical standards for psychologists’ work related conduct requires a personal commitment and lifelong effort to act ethically;...
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