Eth 316 a Challenging Case Study

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A Challenging Case Study
ETH/316
December 3, 2012

As the country comes under a major threat and the President must make decisions that will affect the entire country and world, certain issues will arise. The Bill of Rights is what makes America such a desired place to live. If it were to ever be altered in any way, this would bring on many negative reactions among the American people. As the Rule Utilitarianism is defined, it is a form of utilitarianism that says actions are moral when they conform to the rules that lead to the greatest good, or that the rightness or wrongness of a particular action is a function of the correctness of the rule of which it is an instance. For rule utilitarians, the correctness of a rule is determined by the amount of good it brings about when followed. In contrast, act utilitarians judge actions in terms of the goodness of their consequences without reference to rules of action. Another variation of rule utilitarianism stresses the greater utility of following a given rule in general, arguing that the practice of following some rule in all instances will have better consequences overall than allowing exceptions to be made in individual instances, even if better consequences can be demonstrated in those instances. Rule utilitarianism can also be seen as practice rule, which states that—even though in some or most cases the rule wouldn't cause the greatest good—never following it would not cause the greatest good for the greatest number of people. For example the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution states, "No person shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself."("Constitution Of The United States", n.d.) Even though that rule protects many criminals from conviction, in its absence people could be tortured or threatened into confessing crimes they didn't commit. So, if there was not a fifth amendment, it would not cause the greatest good for the greatest number of people. By...
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