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1. ________ refers to the practice of immigrants sponsoring other immigrants who in turn sponsor more
b. Chain immigration
d. Political asylum
2. Naturalization was denied to some residents already in the United States by the
a. Immigration and Naturalization Act of 1965.
b. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882.
c. Welfare Reform Act of 1996.
d. Transformation of Immigration Management of 2003.
3. Limiting immigration on the basis of a quota from each country was part of the
a. Chinese Exclusion Act.
b. Immigration and Naturalization Act.
c. National Origin System.
d. Naturalization System.
4. Which of the following explanations for illegal immigration uses the conflict perspective?
a. Paying low wages to illegal immigrants enables employers to produce goods and services that are profitable and affordable.
b. Immigrants are attracted by high wages and excellent public benefits. c. Illegal immigrants move to the United States to commit terrorist acts. d. Immigrant status is a symptom of social and economic hierarchies.
5. The fear or hatred of strangers or foreigners is known as a. nativism.
The most important force causing people to emigrate has been
Beliefs and policies favoring native-born citizens over immigrants is called
d. absolute deprivation.
Border deaths along the United States-Mexico border number in the __________ each year, equivalent to an annual jumbo jet crash, in the words of one reporter.
9. The use of two or more languages in places of work or education and the treatment of each language as legitimate.
The quotas under the national origins system were based on
a. proportions of people desiring to enter the United States from abroad.
b. waiting lists of people wishing to immigrate to the United States.
c. the number of people descended from each nationality recorded in the 1920 census.
d. ability to pay for visas.
The brain drain refers most dramatically today to the attraction of skilled professionals to the United States from
a. nations practicing socialized medicine like Britain and Sweden.
b. developing countries of Africa and Asia.
c. neighboring Mexico and Cuba.
d. Communist countries of Europe.
12. The majority of foreign students receiving their doctorates in the sciences and engineering in the United States
are still in the United States four years later.
return to their home country within four years.
are considered eligible to remain in the United States once they are no longer students.
apply for dual citizenship in their home country and the United States
The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986
a. outlawed asylum.
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