March 24, 2013
Associate Program Material
Write a 100- to 200-word response to each of the following questions. Provide citations for all the sources you use.
* What is discrimination? How is discrimination different from prejudice and stereotyping? Discrimination comes in different forms. It can be direct when someone’s gender, ethnicity, faith, sexual orientation, age, disability or being transgender is used as an explicit reason for treating them differently. This is the kind of discrimination that people often recognize easily. An example would be if a person is fired at work because of their sexual orientation. It can be indirect when there are rules, services or ways of doing things that have the effect of discriminating against certain groups. For example, the local gym does not have handicapped accessible workstations. Discrimination is actual positive or negative actions towards a person or group based solely on their differences. An example would be an employer not hiring African Americans because he does not like them. Prejudice is an attitude towards a person or group based on their differences. An example would be someone who was robbed by a Mexican now thinking all Mexicans are thieves. A stereotype is a generalization of characteristics of people or a group based off their differences. An example would be all Asian people are poor drivers. Schaefer, R. T. (2011). Racial and Ethnic Groups (13th ed.). : Pearson. * What are the causes of discrimination?
Discrimination is often based on ignorance, fear and stereotypical viewpoints. For example, religious and/or sectarian discrimination is often fuelled by people living and working in separate communities and therefore not having ample opportunity to interact with people from the other group. Discrimination in Northern Ireland has not...