Answer:- Before undertaking a description of the various forms of organisation and their respective merits and weaknesses it will be desirable to refer to the features which make for an ideal form of business organisation. These characteristics will be found applicable to the various forms of organisation in varying degrees. In choosing a particular form of organisation an entrepreneur will try to find out how far his requirements will be met by a particular form of organisation. The following factors will be taken into account.
(i) Ease of formation:
An ideal form of organisation is one which can be brought into existence with the least difficulty, i.e., in the form of least expenses in formation and minimum legal formalities.
(ii) Ease of financing:
Another important feature of a good form of organisation is the facility of raising the required amount of capital.
(iii) Limited liability:
From the point of view of risk, the entrepreneurs will naturally prefer limited liability. In case of insolvency or winding up owner or owners must be in a position to lose only to the extent of their investment in the business.
(iv) Direct relationship between ownership and control of
As a rule, the control should lie where the ownership lies. It will ensure that the management takes active interest in running the business efficiently and effectively.
If the control is not with the owners, the management may not show required interest in maximising profits through increase in efficiency (v) Flexibility of operations:
The organisation should lend itself to change and adjustment without much difficulty as and when the need arises. A good form of o rganisation offers the maximum flexibility and adaptability. (vi) Continuity and Stability:
An ideal form of organisation enjoys uninterrupted existence over a long...