The Zhou, Qin and Han Dynasties:
Facts; the Zhou are believed to have been Turkic-speaking peoples from Central Asia and their second capital was built in the Wei Valley. (West of the Yellow River)
King Wu, their leader overthrew the Shang and adopted some Shang’s culture, but extended Chinese rule beyond the boundaries of Shang
On their capital (Wei Valley), the royal families got huge tracts of lands and the rest of the people living in this are were peasants who lived in villages and tilled the land in the well-field system.
Well-field system: each of eight households cultivated one of eight plots that were arranged around a central plot and a well
Males: Role of males as the head of the family, clan and dynasty increased as the patriarch played the key role in celebration of religious ceremonies designed to win the blessings of the ancestors or heaven
Shi: In the central core regions, the king began to use educated and salaried officials called shi to help them administer the kingdom.
China gradually became a land of independent kingdoms. During the Warring States (400-332 B.C.E) the Zhou fell*
Facts; Shi Huangdi claimed to be the First Emperor of the Qin dynasty
Power- they increased their power due to:
~They conscripted peasants they had freed in battle into military service ~Superior bureaucracy ensured well-supplied and well-organized forces ~Receptive to military innovation
~First state to use cavalry
They extended their power as far as Hong Kong and invaded Vietnam
Centralization: Li Si (prime minister) centralized Chins. He ordered the nobility to leave their lands, and then Li Si divided the lands into smaller units. Provinces were rules by governors and officials. Xiongnu- To protect his empire from northern nomads and the Xiongnu, Li Si created the Great Wall of China (1400 mi West)
Shi Huangdi: unpopular ruler because he ruled China using a legalist system (strict laws with harsh...
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