1.Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder in the United States.
2.Diabetes mellitus can be successfully managed with diet and oral antidiabetic agents.
3.Glucagon (GlucaGen) is taken orally at home to increase blood sugar levels when a patient develops hypoglycemia.
4.Metformin (Glucophage) is used to lower blood glucose in patients with type 2 diabetes.
5.Exubera is a new form of inhaled insulin that was approved in early 2006 for use by some patients with type 1 diabetes.
Fill in the Blank
1.The leading energy source for the body is ________________.
2.In order for glucose to enter the body’s cells, ___________ is needed.
3.The test that measures the average serum glucose level over a 3-month period is the ________________ ________________.
4.Hypoglycemia is defined as a blood sugar concentration lower than _______________.
5._____________ occurs when the body burns fat instead of glucose for energy.
1. Pharmacotherapeutics is the branch of pharmacology that uses drugs to treat, prevent, and diagnose disease.
2. The generic name of a drug is the name given to the drug by the manufacturer.
3. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is the agency that regulates the development and sale of drugs in the United States.
4. Phase I clinical studies study the effect of a drug on patients with the disease.
5. Pregnancy categories indicate a drug’s potential or actual teratogenic effects.
Fill in the Blank
1. ___________ drugs are helpful in treating rare diseases and have not been “adopted” by any drug companies.
2. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications can be purchased without a ___________.
3. Controlled drugs are divided into _________ schedules by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) based on their potential for abuse or dependence.
4. ___________ are used during preclinical trials to test the effects of drugs on live tissue.