Essay Writing: Writing with Purpose

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One-word essay:
The one-word essay is quite manageable as it allows you to decide which essay type you are going to write about. Take the topic “Floods”. If you choose to write an expository essay, you can write about the causes and effects of floods; if you choose to write a narrative essay, you can narrate a story related to floods; and if you choose to write a descriptive essay, you can focus on describing floods.

Descriptive Essay:
WRITING a descriptive essay is perhaps more difficult than writing a narrative essay because it makes more demands on one’s use of language. In a descriptive essay, you need to give a detailed description of a person, place, object, experience or memory. Your description must be so effective that the person, place, object, experience or memory described is clearly visualised by the reader.

If you are describing a person, the reader should feel that he knows the person well. If it is a place that is described, the reader should feel as if he is there and seeing it with his very eyes. How can this be achieved? Through the use of details that appeal to your reader’s senses and a lively tone that draws his emotions.

Techniques in descriptive writing
1. Use details – Focus on the five senses (sight, sound, smell, taste and touch). Details are very important and when properly used, enable descriptions to come to life. Use nouns, adjectives and verbs to evoke these senses. Nouns and adjectives help the reader see; verbs help the reader feel.2. 2. Use a lively tone – Show your own feelings, responses and reactions as these make your description more vivid and lively. 3. Describe different aspects – If you are describing a person, do not limit your description to the person’s physical appearance. Include a detailed description of the person’s character and personality and how other people react to him. Include a detailed paragraph of an incident which highlights one of these aspects.

Argumentative essay:
The argumentative essay is much more challenging as it makes great demands on your ability to put ideas and opinions across convincingly. To attempt this type of essay, you must be able to operate at a higher level – in terms of thought, language and style.

Choose this essay type only if you are able to write sound and compelling arguments using clear and logical reasoning. Flawed or faulty arguments and lack of conviction are some of the weaknesses of a poorly written essay. Techniques in argumentative writing.

1.You must be able to look at both sides of an argument – The ability to look at both sides of an argument is essential as this will help you present your case better.
2.Have between three and five ideas/points to support your stand. 3.Provide ample supporting details – Use examples and illustrations to support your ideas/points.
4.Decide the order in which you want to present your ideas – For an effective essay, begin with the most important reason and end with one that is just as good or convincing

What Is an Essay?
Te term essay is used broadly for many different kinds of
papers. Essentially, an essay is a written document which
discusses, explains, analyzes, interprets or evaluates a topic in an organized and coherent manner.

The Structure of an Essay
In general, written assignments require you to include in-
troductory paragraph(s)a nd concluding paragraph(s)
as well as a body containing any number of supporting
paragraphs. Some longer essays may require the use of
headings for introduction and conclusion as well as for
categories within the body, whereas shorter essays may not.

In the introduction, you should begin with the general
issue and narrow down to the specifics of the problem you
are discussing in your paper. Think of it as an inverted
triangle. You should use the introduction to provide
background information about the broad subject, identify
the relevant problem or issue, and take the reader step by...
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