Environmental Education in Bangladesh with Special Reference to Higher
Abstract: Bangladesh faces the constant challenges of rampant poverty, high population density, and increasing population rate. Poor people are arsenic contaminated and urban people are mostly exposed to the polluted air, recurring natural disasters and a dwindling natural resource base. It is one of the poorest country of the developing world, with a low resource base, a very low land-man ratio, and is threatened by both natural hazards and overexploitation. However this resource base is under see threat and environmental planning is necessary to signal any hope for survival with dignity and sustainability. Therefore, Bangladeshi people need awareness, protection and education of the environment. Moreover, in order to maintain a modern, scientific and effective education system including environmental education, Bangladesh Government attaches highest priority to the improvement of education sector. The environmental education is largely taught in the country at all levels but which lack in the higher education. Recently there is in fact a new discourse to include environmental education in the higher education policy. With this objective, the Government of Bangladesh had establish several Education Commissions and Committees since the independence of the country. So it is necessary to consider that a well-arranged framework for a historical analysis is important in respect of environmental education in higher studies up to current situation.
Environmental education is the most discussed subject in the present time. It becomes the central issue not only for Bangladesh context as well as in the international debate in the early part of twenty first century. The land, water, air, sea, ocean, hill, mountain, roads, transport, industry and its sound, human, animals, insects, trees etc. consisting of whole environment. The development & survival of human fully depend on the peaceful and balanced coexistence of the environment. But most regretfully, the human society is destroying the equilibrium of nature by changing and mishandling the mineral resources. As a result the human society is facing the natural disasters with certain intervals. Therefore it is essential to rethinking that a good-arranged structure for a historical study is significant in respect of environmental education in higher studies Though there were environmental education at the higher level in a scare and scattered way since 1970s, however, it was structured and developed after 1992. That’s why the paper emphasizes a historical overview of the environmental education in higher studies in Bangladesh from 1992 to 2009.
The prime objective of this paper is to address the problems, progress and prospects of the environmental education in higher studies in Bangladesh. The specific objectives of this study have been stated below that will be followed in this context.
Background of environmental education in Bangladesh.
Needs of environmental education to the country
Governmental and non-governmental policy and its effectiveness. State of environmental education in higher studies
Research and training activities towards higher environmental education.
In this research mainly historical methodology has been followed. Moreover scientifically aspects of natural environment with distinguished features of its structure shall be analysed and reviewed. In respect of source–materials of research in this paper mainly considerd the references in the official and demo-official records, published reports, newspapers and journals and various private organizations reports to related in environmental education. Secondly, some of the useful literatures related to environmental education in Bangladesh...
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