Essay Structure Handout: Purpose of an Academic Essay

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Essay Structure Handout Purpose of an academic essay The purpose of an academic essay is to present a line of thinking which reaches a conclusion, with reasons presented to persuade others to agree with that conclusion. Basic Structure of an academic essay 4 main parts: 1. Introduction 2. Main body 3. Conclusion 4. References Introduction The introduction will explain the academic problem/argument as you see it, and say how you intend to handle it. It tells the reader what to expect, and what to look for (say what you are going to say). The purpose of the introduction is to arouse the interest of the reader. It should be a clear statement around which the rest of the essay can be built. It needs to be between 5-10% of the total word count. Your introduction should answer the following questions for the reader: What is the essay about? (previews the arguments) "A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997). An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the 'divorce phenomenon' and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socioeconomic framework" (Monash University 2008). Why is the subject important? (the purpose of the essay) "A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997).An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of 1

society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the 'divorce phenomenon' and also consider the social policy implications that each explanation carries with it. It will be argued that the best explanations are to be found within a broad socio-economic framework" Monash University 2008). How is the subject going to be addressed? (gives an idea of the structure and what the writer's informed opinion is on the topic ) "A major change that has occurred in the Western family is an increased incidence in divorce. Whereas in the past, divorce was a relatively rare occurrence, in recent times it has become quite commonplace. This change is borne out clearly in census figures. For example thirty years ago in Australia, only one marriage in ten ended in divorce; nowadays the figure is more than one in three (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1996: p.45). A consequence of this change has been a substantial increase in the number of single parent families and the attendant problems that this brings (Kilmartin, 1997).An important issue for sociologists, and indeed for all of society, is why these changes in marital patterns have occurred. In this essay I will seek to critically examine a number of sociological explanations for the...
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