The human body is made up of millions and millions of building blocks. These building blocks are called cells. Cells are the most basic parts of life. Cells make tissues, tissues make organs, organs make organ systems, and when you have every one of these put together in perfect structure and organization the end result is what a human being is. The most important of every one of these features is the cell. The cell controls all the living functions such as movement, sight, and everything else you can perform. Every single action. Voluntary or involuntary.
A person starts out in the very beginning as one cell. This one cell becomes two cells. These two cells become four cells. These four cells become eight cells. The process is never ending. The process doesn't end when you turn 100 years old because you're body is always growing no matter what. The growing process is the most important function that takes place in your body. Whether you want to believe it or not. When you get cut on your arm, you're body's cells duplicate to heal and repair the wound. When you break a bone in your body, the cells duplicate to heal and repair the fracture. Or when you hit puberty and your skin tries to hold all the cells that are currently duplicating, the skin expands with the growth of new cells for a growth spurt. The process is never ending. This growth, or reproduction of the cells is one of the most exciting processes of microbiology. It is called mitosis.
Mitosis is the asexual reproduction of a eukaryotic cell to make two completely new identical daughter cell replicas of the parent cell. Mitosis is composed of four unique phases. The phases are prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.
Before mitosis begins the most important thing that happens is that the chromosomes are duplicated in the nucleus. The first and beginning stage of mitosis is prophase. During prophase, many changes begin to happen throughout the whole cell. Beginning in the...
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