essay on theory of state

Topics: Sovereign state, State, Sovereignty Pages: 3 (1034 words) Published: October 29, 2013
Chanakya, also known as Kautilya (350 BC-283 BC), was among the foremost political thinkers and strategists of the East. His seminal work, The Arthashastra , is an incisive treatise on the political and legal philosophy of his time. The Arthashastra deals with nearly everything that goes into managing and running the affairs of the State, including foreign policy, and also provides useful advice regarding the tactics to be adopted by the kings under different circumstances. @ According to Kautilya, the following are the constituent elements of the State: #The king, the minister, the country, the fortified city, the treasury, the army and the ally are the constituent elements (of the State). [ The Kautilya Arthashastra (1972); R.P. Kangle (trnl.)#There cannot be a State without a King. There can be a group or an association but not a State. A group or an association is there for a particular purpose and tends to strive for a specific objective while a State does not have a specific objective or end to strive for, which is why the authority of the leader of a group or association is limited by the purpose for which such authority exists, but since there is no stated objective for the State, the authority of the King is theoretically unlimited. #Kautliya includes within the constituents of the State the country and the fortified cities, and both indicate a settled society. This implies that no matter how big the group of a nomadic people is, they are incapable of constituting a State. Therefore, there cannot be a country on wheels, or, for that matter, on foot. The kind of country that Kautilya has in mind has also been very clearly outlined. He describes the 'country' of his conception as: #Possessed of strong positions in the centre at the frontiers, capable of sustaining itself and others in times of distress, easy to protect, providing excellent (means of) livelihood, malevolent towards enemies, with weak neighbouring princes, devoid of mud, stones,...
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