Essay on Management

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Subject terms: Project, Situational Leadership Model, leadership behavior Abstract
Introduction: Projects have become a key strategic working form and it has been shown that all industries can benefit from project-based working. Each project is unique and present different challenges to managers, which requires good project management skills in order to face these challenges. These skills are referred to as the science and art of project management. The science consists of skills in using different tools and techniques and the artistry refers to skills in practising leadership, which some researchers argue is the most important quality for managers to posses. Since each project is a new situation, project manager s needs to be able to adapt their leadership style to the unique situation of the project. This way of exploring leadership has been done in the Situational Leadership Model originally developed by Paul Hersey and Kenneth Blanchard. The interaction between a leader’s behaviour and the situational factors, ability and willingness, of the members are emphasized. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to study project management from a situational leadership perspective, using the Situational Leadership Model. Method: The empirical research was conducted through interviews made with representatives from four different companies located in or just outside the city of Jönköping. The representatives included one project leader from each company as well as one or two project members.

Conclusion: The study showed that the Situational Leadership Model was able to predict the appropriate leadership behavior to adopt. Even though it was able to predict the appropriate behavior, it was not adopted in all projects. Two of the five project members were confronted with a faulty leadership behavior.

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Table of content
1 Introduction............................................................................ 4 1.1 Introduction ..................................................................................... 4 1.2 Background..................................................................................... 4 1.3 Problem Discussion ........................................................................ 5 1.4 Purpose........................................................................................... 5 1.5 Definitions ....................................................................................... 5 1.6 Delimitations ................................................................................... 5 2 Frame of References ............................................................. 6 2.1 Project............................................................................................. 6 2.2 The science of project management .............................................. 6 2.3 The art of project management....................................................... 7

1 Introduction
In this section the readers will be introduced to the subject. This will be followed by the problem and purpose. The chapter will end with the definitions that will be applied in the study and the delimitations that will demarcate the paper.

1.1 Introduction
There are estimates made that more than 80 percent of all projects fail to deliver what is expected of them (Maylor, 2003). The results are consistent outcomes such as missed dates, exceeded budgets and poor quality (Kliem, 2004). This has brought forth great problems for many organisations as projects are a known way to achieve competitive advantage over others. Having such high level of importance and at the same time being coincided with high levels of problems, brings forth questions of possible reasons. Answering this question is undoubtly becoming more urgent as more and more organisations are adopting a project based work form. Understanding what needs to be done can have major economic benefits for the organisation. One stated reason for the array of projects...
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