Divine Word University, Madang - Papua New Guinea
Department of Tourism & Hospitality
Course: Industrial Relations & Law
Code: TH 412
Essay Title: Industrial Relations Framework
Name: Rodney Nembo
Lecturer: Mr. Ambang
3.0 Role of key Actors
4.0 Employee Union
4.1 Low Salaries in PNG
TITLE: INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS FRAMEWORK
The aim or focus of the essay is about the framework of industrial relations and what it is all about. Firstly, the essay will define and explain what industrial relations means. Then, discusses the roles of the three key actors: employees, organization and the government together with their associations in which industrial relations principles or laws are executed. Next, the essay would elaborate the problem that cause industrial disputes/conflicts; mainly discussing and elaborating more on low salaries in Papua New Guinea. It further will discuss on the organizations choice between several approaches to industrial relations (IR) and unions that defend the employees’ rights to their needs. Finally, the essay would give a recommendation and justify on best possible ways to solve the stated problems.
Industrial relation or what we call labor relation is the heart of any industrial system. The definition of industrial relation by Geare (2000) claimed that, “it is the government regulated interaction between employees and employers and their representatives in pursuit of their respective objectives”. Apart from that there are many writers who have defined industrial relation in different ways and its meaning has kept on changing with the change in nature of work, technology and most importantly globalization. Before industrialization companies had such environments in which employer played a major role. They had the power over the employees forcing rules and regulation formed by the management. Interest of employers was above the interest of employees. Employees had less support from the management and they had to bear entire work load mental and physical. But now with the improvement in industrial work environments and laws have made the work of employees and employers easy. Influence of new political system, legislation, growing economies, technology, globalization, labor unions and private organization have led to enhanced working places, trained and educated employers and employees (Hodgetts, Luthans & Doh, 2005).
3.0 The Role of the Key Actors
For any organizations there has to be a sound relationship between the key actors of industrial relations. And they are the employees, employers (organizations) and government. When interest of one part is impacted by the action of the other relation sours and conflict arises. Further elaboration and discussion about these three actors respectively are as follows.
As the law on industrial relations concerns employment, it is important to know if all employees in Papua New Guinea are afforded with same rights and duties under this law. The definition of the word ‘employee’ as stated by the Industrial Organizations Act seems to cover all types of employees in Papua New Guinea (Goma, 2002). He also stated that, an employee may mean a person who has entered into or work under a contract of service or apprenticeship whether in public or private sector. Specifically, an employee is any person hired by an employer to do a specific job. Employees have their own objectives in-return of their services they offer to the organization. According to Ambang (2011) he stated that, “these objectives are to earn best possible wage, secure and satisfying job,...
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