An examination of the causes, effects, and options available to mitigate natural disasters, such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, subsidence, flooding, severe weather, and meteorite impacts. Natural Disaster Information:
1. Natural Disasters in General
3. Volcanic Eruptions
7. Weather Related Disasters
8. Meteorite Impacts
NATURAL DISASTERS IN GENERAL:
This being my senior project I wanted to look at a topic that I found interesting. Even though I find most topics in the fields interesting, none catch my attention better than natural disasters. I have always found disasters intriguing and have wanted to know more about them
Debris is scattered for miles, houses are unrecognizable, tress are bent like wet noodles, and vehicles have been thrown like baseballs. This would be an aftermath of a natural disaster. Natural disasters come in many forms such as earthquakes, tornados, floods, blizzards, fires, and volcanic eruptions, just to name a few. Every type of disaster is not subjected to one specific area (Hess and Wrobleski 2003). Which means that people in certain areas only have to prepare for those disaster that are likely to transpire in their region. Preparation now days use communication and technology. New advances in communications make it easier to share and expand information. While the technological advances have increased our opportunities to share information as well (Department of Homeland Security 2004). The responses to natural disasters have been to invest in early warning systems that tend to protect lives and properties (FEMA, Disasters 2000). People should manage natural disasters by bringing new emphasis to research, preparedness, response, and recovery. Agencies and systems have researched natural disasters for years. Scientists now are developing more accurate methods of warning (FEMA, Disasters 2000). Discussion of the view that most natural disasters are caused by human activity.
What are natural disasters? According to a largely recognized English dictionary, a natural disaster is,” A negatively catastrophic event caused by natural phenomenon.”
Some examples of natural disasters include tsunamis, hurricane, floods and earthquakes.
What turns something into a disaster? – the loss of lives.
In today’s world, news of constant affliction by man to nature bombards our ears. We hear about Man’s callous disregard for Mother Earth and wonder about the effects that these actions will have on us. When the problem is studied, it gives rise to the question – are these natural disasters really natural? If so why have they become prevalent only now, coincidentally with a high rate of environmental degradation?
When the problem is studied, in many cases these so-called natural disasters can be directly and/or indirectly linked to human activities. The largest and most prevalent source of man’s detrimental attitude to nature is his unreserved and insatiable use of petroleum and its products. This practice results in grave consequences that are both short-term such as the high prevalence of lung-related disease and long-term, exemplified by rising global temperatures. Global rising has many grave negative consequences such as melting of the ice-caps at the poles. This is particularly detrimental, not only causing a rise in global sea-levels but also adversely affecting one of the world’s last untouched ecological frontiers. Many low-lying countries like Guyana would be adversely affected. Deforestation is another activity that results in many indirect negative consequences. This process causes the release of excessive carbon into the atmosphere, also hindering the carbon dioxide to oxygen process necessary for the existence of life. The hungering developmental practices that are unsustainable have resulted in many visible natural disasters such as rivers......