Essay on Ecological Dyeing

Topics: Dye, Mordant, Textile Pages: 7 (2505 words) Published: March 29, 2013
Ecological Dyeing:
A Step Ahead to Organic Life…
Ecological concerns are gaining more attention in the textile business, and dyes industry is undergoing a transformation in its production. Dyes extracted from plant fibre are being used for creating hues on textiles which are not just cost effective but are also non-toxic. Using Herbal Dyes on organic fabrics, though is becoming a buzzword nowadays, is not actually a recent trend. The purpose, dates back almost 4000 years, and was being practiced more as an art.

Dyeing is the process of adding color to textile products like fibers, yarns, and fabrics. Natural dyes are dyes or colorants derived from plants, invertebrates, or minerals. The majority of natural dyes are vegetable dyes from plant sources –roots, berries, bark, leaves, and wood — and other organic sources such as fungi and lichens. Textile industry is now getting conscious of the negative impact of the pollution it is causing. Awareness about the hazards caused by chemicals used in various processes have resulted in using organic fibres, and recycled polyester. This led to the rise of common jargons like “Eco” or “Turning to green”. Transition to green simply means adopting an environmentally friendly lifestyle and herbal dyeing is one among them.

Herbal dyeing or technically, natural extract impregnation into textiles is a part of 5000 years old system of Vedic health care which supports the core concept of Ayurvastra – natural healing provided by clothing. These fabrics are infused in ayurvedic medicinal solution (kashayam) and its properties are permanently encapsulated to the fabrics having various health benefits. Herbal textiles are a perfect amalgamation of cloth and wellness; this unique fabric incorporates in itself the rich Indian culture with health benefits. India is known from time immemorial for natural dyeing expertise. Natural dyes are known for their soft, lustrous colors and endurance. It also retains great beauty and charm for long term. In herbal textile all kinds of hues of reds, yellows, browns, orange and greens can be made from stem, wood, leaves, fruit, seeds etc . “Ayurveda is the knowledge of life, to live a vigorous and disease free life. Ayurveda treats man as a whole which is a combination of bone, mind and soul.” Color has played an important role in human life since Stone Age to present silicon age. Color application not only improves surface appearance of the substrate but also expresses emotion and ideas of the wearer. Dyeing is one of the processes of decorating textiles with different dye stuff like natural or synthetic. India was once known as a leading source of the earliest natural dyes. Plants and herbs are the major source of the natural dyes and their parts, such as stems, wood, leaves, fruits and seeds etc, are used for extracting color components. Natural dyes are known for their soft, lustrous colors and endurance. Even after a long period they retain a great beauty and charm. Originating from natural sources, they do not create any pollution problem and in some cases, the ‘waste’ obtained in the process becomes an ideal fertilizer. Due to current eco- consciousness there has been a revival of inherent in eco-friendly natural dyes throughout the world. The application of herbal products on the textile substances is a very new concept. It gives a new direction towards the treatments of various diseases through textile industry. There are various types of different Ayurvedic herbs used for fabric application such as– Neem, Manjistha, Saffron, Sandalwood , Clove etc for dyeing and finishing purpose because these component having some antimicrobial properties also. These herbs are antimicrobial in nature, thus it can used for the medicinal fabrics also to give different treatments like headache, open wounds and for the treatment of the skin diseases. Wellness Textiles

As Ayurveda suggests various ways of disease treatments like steam bath,...
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