Essay of Rizal

Topics: Philippines, Filipino people, Spain Pages: 9 (2632 words) Published: May 12, 2013
Essays of Rizal Amor Patrio (Love of Country)
-1st published essay.
-stated that Philippines is a country for Filipinos, not for Spain. -Pen name: Laong Laan (ever prepared)
-this essay was sent to the Philippines to be translated in tagalog by Marcelo H. Del Pilar. -published in “Diariong Tagalog”: Aug 30 1882, Manila.
-Rizal encouraged his compatriot in Spain and the Filipino people to love the Philippines as the country of their own.

Los Viajes
-gain of a man who is well travelled to many places in the world. -published in “Diariong Tagalog” in 1882.
-Barcelona, Spain.

Pensamientos de un Filipino (Reflections of a Filipino)
-1883-1885 in Madrid, Spain
-spoke of being liberal minded and anti-friar Filipino that bears penalties such as exile.

The message to the young women of Malolos
2. Elisea Tantoco Reyes
3. Juana Tantoco Reyes
4. Leoncia Santos Reyes
5. Olympia San Agustin Reyes
6. Rufina Tengco Reyes
7. Eugenia Mendoza Tanchangco
8. Aurea Mendoza Tanchangco
9. Basilia Villariño Tantoco
10. Teresa Tiongson Tantoco
11. Maria Tiongson Tantoco
12. Anastacia Maclang Tiongson
13. Basilia Reyes Tiongson
14. Paz Reyes Tiongson
15. Aleja Reyes Tiongson
16. Mercedes Reyes Tiongson
17. Agapita Reyes Tiongson
18. Filomena Oliveros Tiongson
19. Cecilia Oliveros Tiongson
20. Feliciana Oliveros Tiongson
21. Alberta Santos Uitangcoy

The message to the young women of Malolos
* Written February 22, 1889

* Rizal congratulated the young women of malolos for their exceptionally courageous behavior and delineated his ideas on the nature and role of Filipino women.

* Rizal wrote this famous letter in Tagalog, while he was residing in London, upon the request of M. H. del Pilar. The story behind this letter is this: On December 12, 1888, a group of twenty young women of Malolos petitioned Governor-General Weyler for permission to open a “night school” so that they might study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Fr. Felipe Garcia, the Spanish parish priest, objected to the proposal. Therefore the governor-general turned down the petition. However, the young women, in defiance of the friar’s wrath, bravely continued their agitation for the school – a thing unheard of in the Philippines in those times. They finally succeeded in obtaining government approval to their project on the condition that Señora Guadalupe Reyes should be their teacher. The incident caused a great stir in the Philippines and in far-away Spain. Del Pilar, writing in Barcelona on February 17, 1889, requested Rizal to send a letter in Tagalog to the brave women of Malolos. Accordingly, Rizal, although busy in London annotating Morga’s book penned this famous letter and sent it to Del Pilar on February 22, 1889 for transmittal to Malolos.

The letter points out.
1. The rejection of the spiritual authority of the friars – not all of the priests in the country that time embodied the true spirit of Christ and His Church.  Most of them were corrupted by worldly desires and used worldly methods to effect change and force discipline among the people. 2. The defense of private judgment

3. Qualities Filipino mothers need to possess – as evidenced by this portion of his letter, Rizal is greatly concerned of the welfare of the Filipino children and the homes they grow up in. 4. Duties and responsibilities of Filipino mothers to their children 5. Duties and responsibilities of a wife to her husband – Filipino women are known to be submissive, tender, and loving.  Rizal states in this portion of his letter how Filipino women ought to be as wives, in order to preserve the identity of the race. 6. Counsel to young women on their choice of a lifetime partner Rizal’s Message to Filipino Women

Jose Rizal was greatly impressed by the fighting...
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